Cheap Vacation Places Guide: 6 Cheap Destinations For A Fun Getaway


It’s not true that you have to spend money to go on holiday. There is a cheap alternative to every popular tourist spot. Some popular destinations are also cheaper these days. If you are interested in any type of trip, you can find some cheap vacation places to meet your needs. Here are some recommendations to get you started.
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From Thailand

Thailand is always a popular backpacker town. It has got a lot of rich culture, beautiful islands, beach shacks, cooking and adventure. All this is usually available at affordable prices. There is more to Thailand than Bangkok. Also explore places like Koh Tao, Koh Samet, Khao Lak, Hua Hin District and Phuket City.

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It’s a cheap alternative for more popular South American countries like Brazil and Argentina. There are wonderful beaches and plenty of wildlife viewing opportunities. Book American Airlines, Air Europa or British Airways flights to Montevideo.

Isla Mujeres

If you’re looking for cheap vacation spots in Mexico, go here. Cancun is a cheap alternative. While the dollar remains strong in Mexico, places like Isla Mujeres will be cheap for US travelers.
You can walk around the island with a rented golf cart. No need to fall into any tourist traps anymore, everything is available at a low price.

The Pilgrim’s Way to Santiago

Looking for a cheap European vacation? The Camino de Santiago is your best choice right now.

See many historic sites throughout Spain. Thousands of people travel the world-wide “pilgrimage” every summer. There are plenty of cheap restaurants and budget accommodation along the route.

Oklahoma City
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This US city is an inexpensive getaway that offers lots of fun activities. All you can do is walk from Bricktown (for free) to visit the National Cowboy and the Western Heritage Museum. There is no shortage of restaurants, shops, bars and hotels.

Daytona, FL

If you want a beach vacation, Daytona is one of the funniest beaches in the world. He is also affiliated with NASCAR; so you might want to check that the speed is open. Actually, it takes about twenty miles to explore. Interested in history? Visit the Museum of Arts and Sciences.
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These are some of the cheapest vacation spots to visit right now! Each of these destinations offers something for travelers of all ages.
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When planning a getaway or trip, make sure you use online coupons to ensure you get the best deal possible. You can also use the intuitive search feature to find out about cheap vacations around the world.



Thinking about investing? Think about the bitcoin method


What is Bitcoin?

If you’re here, you’ll hear about Bitcoin. It has been one of the biggest recurring headlines over the past year or so – as a blueprint for the rich, an end to finance, the birth of a real international currency, the end of the world, or as a technology that has improved the world. But what is Bitcoin?
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In short, you can say that Bitcoin is the first decentralized monetary system used in online transactions, but it is likely to be a little useful.
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We all know in general what funds’ he and what is used for. The most important problem experienced by the use of money before Bitcoin relates to being centralized and controlled by one entity – the central banking system. Bitcoin was invented in 2008/2009 by an unknown creator who nicknamed ‘Satoshi Nakamoto’ to bring decentralization to money on a global scale.
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The idea is that currency can be traded on international lines without any difficulty or fees, and checks and balances will be distributed Around the world (not just on the books of private companies or governments), funds will become more democratic and equally accessible to all.
How did Bitcoins start?

The concept of Bitcoin, cryptocurrencies in general, began in 2009 by Satoshi, an unknown researcher. The reason for his invention was to solve the question of centralization in the use of funds that depend on banks and computers, an issue many computer scientists were unhappy with.
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Decentralization has been attempted since the late 1990s without success, so when Satoshi published a paper in 2008 offering a solution, he was very welcome. Today, Bitcoin has become a familiar currency for Internet users, and has led to the emergence of thousands of electronic currencies’ (non-Bitcoin cryptocurrencies).

How is Bitcoin made?

Bitcoin is done through a process called mining. Just as paper money is made through printing, and gold is extracted from the ground, Bitcoin is created by ‘mining’. Mining involves solving complex mathematical problems related to blocks that use computers and adding them to the general ledger.
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When it started, a simple CPU (like the one in your home computer) was all necessary for mine, however, the difficulty level has increased dramatically and you will now need specialized hardware, including advanced graphics processing unit (GPUs), extraction Bitcoin.

How can I invest?

First, you need to open an account using a trading platform and create a portfolio; you can find some examples by searching Google for Bitcoin’s trading platform – they generally have names that include ‘currency’ or ‘market’.
After you join one of these platforms, you can click Assets, and then click Encryption to choose the currencies that you want. There are a lot of indicators on each platform that are very important, and you should make sure to monitor them before investing.
Simply buy and hold

While mining is the surest way, and the simplest way to earn bitcoin, there is a lot of hustle, and the cost of electricity and specialized computers make it inaccessible to most of us.
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To avoid all this, make it easy for yourself, enter the amount you want from your bank directly, click ‘Buy’, then sit back and enjoy watching your investment increase as the price changes. Place on many exchange platforms available today, with the ability to trade between many different banknotes (USD, AUD, GBP, etc.) and different encryption currencies (Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, etc.).

Bitcoin trading

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If you are familiar with stocks, bonds or forex exchanges, you will understand trading crypto easily. There are Bitcoin brokers like social e-trading, FXTM, markets.com, and many other options you can choose from. Platforms provide you with Bitcoin-fiat or fiat-Bitcoin currency pairs, for example, BTC-USD means trading Bitcoins against the US dollar. Keep your eyes on price changes to find the perfect pair according to price changes; platforms provide price among other indicators to give you the right trading tips.

Bitcoin is like a stock

There are also institutions set up to allow you to buy shares in companies that invest in Bitcoin – they trade back and forth, invest only in them, and wait for your monthly benefits. These companies simply collect digital money from various investors and invest on their behalf.

Why should I invest in Bitcoin?

As you can see, investing in Bitcoin requires that you have some basic knowledge of the currency, as described above. As with all investments, it involves risk! The question of whether or not the investment depends entirely on the individual. However, if I would advise, I would recommend investing in Bitcoin for the reason Bitcoin continues to grow – although there is a significant boom and decline period, it is highly likely that Cryptocurrency as a whole will continue to increase in value over the next 10 years. Bitcoin is the world’s largest and most famous currency, so it’s a good place to start, and it’s the safest one right now. Despite the short-term volatility, I think you’ll find that trading Bitcoin currencies is more profitable than most other projects.



How valuable is the cryptocurrency?


Cryptocurrencies are the latest ‘big thing’ in the digital world, and have now been recognized as part of the monetary system. In fact, enthusiasts marked it as the “money revolution”.

In clear terms, cryptocurrencies are decentralized digital assets that can be exchanged between users without the need for centralized authority, most of which are created via special computation techniques referred to as mining.

The acceptance of currencies, such as the US dollar, British pound, and the euro, as a legal tender is that they are issued by a central bank; As such, there are several factors that determine their value.

Factors determining the value of cryptocurrencies

Principles of a free market economy (mainly supply and demand)

Supply and demand are a key determinant of the value of anything of value, including cryptocurrencies. This is because if more people are willing to buy a cryptocurrency, and others are willing to sell, the price of that particular currency will rise, and vice versa.

Universal adoption

The universal adoption of any cryptocurrency can be called its price on the moon. This is because many cryptocurrencies have limited their supply to a certain extent, and according to economic principles, an increase in demand without a corresponding increase in supply will increase the prices of that particular commodity.

Multiple cryptocurrencies have invested more resources to ensure their widespread adoption, focusing on the applicability of their cryptocurrency to pressing personal life issues, as well as critical daily situations, with the aim of making them indispensable in everyday life.

Fiat Inflation

If a paper currency, like the US dollar or pound sterling, swells, its price rises and its purchasing power drops. This will then increase the cryptocurrencies (let’s use Bitcoin as an example) in relation to this. The result is that you’ll be able to get more of this with every bitcoin. In fact, this position was one of the main reasons for the rise in Bitcoin prices.
Kik is hardly the first crypto company to have been the subject of fraud or misreporting. In July, the Tron Foundation’s Justin Sun was reported to have been arrested for investigations in China. It turned out, however, that the Sun was recovering from kidney stones, resting in San Francisco. In 2017, Ethereum founder Vitalik Buterin was the subject of a death scam, originating from the online 4chan forum.
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Mistakes are as old as money, and the history of finance is mixed with examples of fraud and evil. From England’s 18th Century in the South Sea to the percent equity schemes set up by Wolf of Wall Street, investors are often burned by the very good prospects of being real.

Part of this is endemic to any emerging industry, where entrepreneurs make bold claims about what their companies can achieve. The emotions and hyperbole surrounding bitcoin and cryptocurrency also appear to have infected crypto journalism, whether it was reporting to the NSA developing a cryptocurrency (that’s not) or unmasking Satoshi Nakamoto (they got the wrong guy).
Fraud and history of cyber attack

Fraud and penetration are key factors affecting the value of cryptocurrencies, as they are known to cause huge fluctuations in valuations. In some cases, the team that supports a cryptocurrency may be crooks; they will pump the price of the cryptocurrency to attract unsuspecting individuals, and when their hard earned money is invested, the price is shortened by scammers who disappear without a trace.

It is therefore important to be wary of encrypted scams before investing your money.

Some other factors to consider that have an impact on the value of cryptocurrencies include:

  • The way cryptocurrency is stored, as well as its usefulness, security, accessibility and acceptance across borders
  • The strength of the community that supports cryptocurrency (including finance, innovation and loyalty of its members)
  • Reduced risk associated with cryptocurrencies as seen by investors and users
  • Morale news
  • Market liquidity and cryptocurrency volatility
  • State regulations (including the prohibition of cryptocurrency and ICOs in China and their acceptance as a legal tender in Japan)



Cheap Summer Vacation Package Idea – Cheap and inexpensive places to visit this summer


Whether you have children or not, there are always reasons to book a summer getaway. It’s great for most destinations to go on vacation. Unfortunately, it is also an expensive time to go on a trip, because the prices are extremely demanding. If you want to get away for a few days, but you don’t have a very high budget, don’t worry: here are some ideas for cheap summer vacation packages.
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Head to Albuquerque

If you really don’t mind the temperature of 90 degrees in summer, this is a city in New Mexico. The hotel rates in the area are reasonable and airlines offer cheap prices from airports around the country. You don’t even have to pay a rental car, ABQ Ride offers bus service all around the metro.
Make time to spend time in the canyon

If you want to avoid the heat and crowds of the Grand Canyon, head in the opposite direction – right on the Appalachian Trail. West Virginia’s summer temperatures are uncomfortable. The scenery around the New River Gorge is amazing, and there are plenty of fun and affordable activities. Accommodation can be found for less than $ 100 a night.
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Explore the Sacred Valley

For an exciting international adventure, go to Peru. The Sacred Valley area is a cheaper alternative to Machu Picchu this summer. There are hidden gems to see, including ancient temples and forts. Go for trekking trips to farms, isolated villages and access to bustling cities.
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Join us at Six Flags Fiesta

Don’t go to Disney World in the summer unless you want to spend some money. Instead, go to San Antonio where you will find summer vacation packages and go back and forth between Six Flags and White Water Bay Water Park. Both parks are included in the entry price. You can get great discounts by purchasing tickets online in advance. While Texas is hot in the summer, you can relax in the water park.
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Go to Chincoteague Island for a beach vacation

When most people think of a “summer vacation”, the beach is often the first image that comes to mind. Temperatures in this part of the VA are suitable in summer and rates are reasonable. In addition to sleeping around the beach, you can also enjoy birds, wild ponies and cycling.
Other ideas

Some cheaper places to visit during the summer getaway include:

• Cape Cod, Massachusetts

• Laughlin, NV

• Rovinj, Croatia

• Madrid, Spain

• Phoenix, AZ

• Gatlinburg, TN

• San Luis, MO

It is best to start planning. The sooner you start looking for cheap summer vacation packages, the easier it will be to find a good job!
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Online offers are always worth it, especially when you want to save on a holiday package. Some companies offer competitive prices, easy search tools and 24-hour customer service. There is also an alert for details on the cheapest summer vacation packages.


Visit the Chapman Cultural Center in Spartanburg, SC


The Chapman Cultural Center in Spartanburg, South Carolina is a great place to experience theater and visual arts, science and history. It is owned and operated by the Arts Partnership of Greater Spartanburg and is located on 200 E. John Street, east of downtown. The complex consists of three buildings on a five acre campus. Chapman Cultural Center was opened in 2007, but it was 17 years.
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The Greater Spartanburg Art Partnership consists of several agencies. These include artists & # 39; Spartanburg Ballet, Spartanburg Ballet, Artisan Center of Carolina Foothills, Spartanburg Music Foundation, Spartanburg Art Museum, Spartanburg County Historical Association, Spartanburg Little Theater and Spartanburg Youth Theater, Spartanburg Repertory Company and Spartanburg Science Center.
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There are several exhibition and museum premises. These include artists & # 39; Spartanburg Regional Gallery and Spartanburg Science Center. A separate fee is charged for each museum or gallery.
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The Chapman Cultural Center consists of three buildings. The Carlos Moseley building contains the Regional History Museum, Artists & # 39; Guild Gallery, SAM (Art Museum Spartanburg Art Museum) and Ticket Office.

The theater building in the center of the complex includes the David Reid Theater and the Black Box Theater. The Montgomery building houses the Spartanburg Science Center and the Spartanburg Dance Center.

Special Camp Calendar camps for July include Camp Musical Theater, July 5-9 for Stage 4-12, and Advanced Acting Camp, July 12-16, for Stage 8-12. On July 10 at 7pm, the classic movie Jaws appears on a big screen. Artists & # 39; The Guild Gallery will host Carol Beth Icard’s wax and oil paintings from July 1 to 28. The Art Museum in Spartanburg will present national sculptures by Swedish artists Kent Ullberg from 13 to 31 July.
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For tickets, call (864) 542-ARTS. For more information, visit the Center website at http://www.chapmanculturalcenter.org


Recent development of MacArthur Airport on Long Island


1. Falling numbers:

The Islip owned Long Island MacArthur Airport has been captured in a vicious cycle since its inception. Airlines have long been reluctant to provide services because of lack of passengers, while passengers have been reluctant to use airports because airlines have not provided the required service. During the last half of the decade, this phenomenon has virtually caused it to exist.

Although 1.8 million passengers in the East Nassau and Suffolk catchment area average 3.7 yearly trips, these auspicious facts end here, with only 25 percent using MacArthur for their travel. This statistic will increase to 50 percent when only continuous transport is taken into account and stresses that it would be beneficial for carriers to provide it.

During the five-year period from 2007 to 2012, the number of annual departures actually decreased from 14,784 to 7,930, the steepest reduction of all US mid-sized airports, virtually reducing Long Island to 1999, Southwest Airlines triggering the latest growth cycle .

In addition to being the victim of a recession and escalating fuel costs such as these terminals, he was historically forced to operate in the shadow of three major New York airports, drawing largely on the same market base, but relied almost exclusively on a single carrier, the Southwest , for his ministry. Furthermore, the increasing trend of airline consolidation has resulted in fewer potential air service providers, almost all of which have operated from the airport in the past, while current fuel prices have made their share of regional air traffic unprofitable, leading to withdrawal. carriers. it once provided a vital source of ammo such as Atlantic Southeast (ASA) to Atlanta, Comair to Cincinnati and Continental Express to Cleveland.

Deciding to deviate from the philosophy of operating from the underdeveloped, overpriced secondary airports on which it was based and responding to passenger demand for significant market presence, the Southwest gradually rebalanced aviation assets from smaller to larger cities to maximize revenue but dismantled a lot from the Islip market it has created it cultivated in the process.

In view of this assessment, the Southwest indicated that this strategy reflected system-wide industrial change and not those that were limited to MacArthur.

However, the Long Island market includes factors that exceed system-wide industrial trends. Backed by other slots he acquired at La Guardia Airport after his acquisition of AirTran, the Southwest itself has increased frequencies and destinations from the airport with higher yields and loads.

After operating a peak of 34 daily departures from Long Island, he gradually reduced his presence and discontinued service to two of his focused cities – namely Nashville and Las Vegas – thereby removing the connections they represented.

Before the Chicago Midway service was canceled in June 2012 and moved to La Guardia, the number of flights was almost half, to 18 years.

Despite being attributed to the resurrection of the airport, in many ways it has now become an obstacle to its growth. Given its dominance and low fare structure, this has served as a deterrent to other airlines considering transport there, especially on routes such as those in which it has a monopoly. Yet, just like a tightrope walk, Islip officials are constantly making great efforts to maintain a close relationship with the airline, as the future of the airport depends on it.

However, this future depends more than on the number of flights and passengers. It also depends on financial – and that was all but optimistic. For example, during the three-year period from 2010 to 2012, the airport lost nearly $ 4.2 million, forcing it to use the deficit generated by the sale of land on the Long Island Rail Road for $ 11 million in 2009 to offset the deficit and also attract businesses to hire outlets in terminals; impose for the first time a general landing fee; and reduce staff and overtime.

However, much wider strategies to avert tides are needed. Are there any prevailing conditions?

2. Infrastructure improvements and designs:

As the economic engine of the region, Long Island MacArthur Airport can only be operated if the city of Islip is looking for innovative ways to attract an air service that supports it and has therefore introduced a number of infrastructure improvements to this end.

On the mainland, a $ 10.6 million road terminal redirection, launched in September 2011, was redirected to streamline and streamline car traffic and include the introduction of islands with front walls and a 750-foot canopy to facilitate passenger handling and private and public pickup. The project also included lighting, drainage and vehicle security checkpoint.

Funded from passenger charges levied on ticket sales, it was completed two years later, January 10, and $ 300,000 in budget.

Another land project took place on the west side of the airport along Smithtown Avenue. The intention was to demolish 52,000 square feet of obsolete and unsightly wood, steel and concrete block constructions and to attract businesses and operators repelled by existing mold.

Of its three fixed-base operators, Sheltair has agreed to invest $ 20 million over seven years in exchange for a 40-year lease on 25 of its 36 acres, paving the way for 29,000 square feet and 161,000 square feet of hangar space.

ExcelAire also signed a 40-year lease, similarly committed $ 4.5 million to upgrade its facilities. Hawthorne Global Aviation, recently acquired by Charleston, South Carolina, based in Hawthorne Global Aviation, demolished a neighboring building and planned to add 32,000 square feet of office and hangar space to accommodate the next generation of ultralight commercial aircraft. such as Bombardier Global Express, Gulfstream 650, and Falcon 7X.

At the airport, the Mid-Island Air Service followed its own lease and refurbishment contract.

Reflection of the layout of roads was a reconfiguration of taxiways. A $ 4.5 million grant to the airport, 95 percent of which came from the FAA and another five percent from the State and City Department of Transportation, made it easier to run aircraft towards Runway 33L, reduce twists, times and fuel consumption. . The project included the extension of Taxiway B, the new layout of Taxiway E and the installation of airport signs, lights and road markings.

The bids were awarded to Rosemar's Contract of Patchogue, JKL Engineering of Maryland, Savik and Murray of Ronkonkoma, removing obstacles on the track and supplying equipment.

Other projects resulting from the airport's short, medium and long-term plans included light rail passenger movements that linked the terminal to the Long Island Railroad station and extend the second to a 7,000-ft runway to enhance the safety of existing operations and attract new, remote.

It was even proposed to turn the airport into an international gateway. Senator Charles Schumer, MacArthur's attorney-at-law, launched a public campaign to this end and held a press conference on 10 June 2013 to urge the US Customs and Border Patrol to set up a single-gate facility so carriers can begin flights to the Bahamas and Aruba, travel destinations with sun and sand.

A campaign supported by letters of interest sent by Mexican carrier Interjet, low cost Mexican carrier and FlyA, a similarly affordable but only proposed European long-range operator, could significantly expand the airport's operations.

Although the Homeland Security Bureau regularly reviewed the need for such requirements, its own resources were already strained and unlikely to commit to potential, in fact unnecessary, facilities, adequately equipped with New York airports immediately capable of adapting such flights without changing infrastructure.

These ambitious proposals created their own Catch-22 situation, similar to the vicious cycle of aviation-passengers at the airport. Although they managed to attract new carriers and routes, it was virtually impossible to justify their costs when the drop in traffic barely required existing ones.

3. Airlines:

Although these infrastructure upgrades and promising designs could improve the operational experience of current carriers, it was ultimately the ability of Islip to attract airlines that would rescue the Long Island Regional Airport. It has therefore made several significant efforts.

A. Existing airlines:

After relocating his aircraft to La Guardia Airport, southwest, whose last presence was only a shadow of its peak, he probably did not increase frequencies or non-invasive service to new destinations under prevailing economic conditions.

However, he stressed that he continued to devote himself to a regional airport. Although the provision in its 25-year contract could theoretically allow it to suspend all service after ten years, it did not intend to do so.

Despite considerable repetition, on the contrary, the 68 percent load factors they experienced two years ago have occasionally increased to the current 92 as a result of its service reduction strategy. Although its current presence in La Guardia and MacArthur seems to weaken the same market, their respective business and leisure orientations have dispelled this perception.

Nevertheless, the city of Islip managed to negotiate a new service – with another existing carrier, US Airways.

Because MacArthur's original tenant – and therefore his longest-serving, then-Allegheny, who was subsequently rebranded by USAir, restored Washington Reagan's uninterrupted service following the flight restriction imposed by the 2001 terrorist attack, forced the original to be abolished. The journey itself, second to Philadelphia, was facilitated by the Delta slot in La Guardia.

Recalling the first of the two daily 50-passenger CRJ-200 regional jets operated by Air Wisconsin on March 25, 2012, airport firefighting vehicles baptized it with a water curtain after 12:50 pm. landing.

According to NewsIslip City Manager Tom Croci said, “I look forward to working with our senators and congressmen to ensure that the jewel of our city, Long Island MacArthur Airport, gets the resources and attention it needs to realize its full potential. ""

Providing a vital, central link with the country's capital and eliminating the need for a one-hour train ride from a comparable southwest Baltimore service, the aircraft split up again at 1:28 p.m.

Senator Charles Schumer noted that the new merger merely confirmed that Long Island is an untapped market. Although US Airways transported only between six and seven percent of its operations, it was considered disproportionately important because of its business orientation on its routes.

B. New airlines:

To lure existing carriers to launch service was only one side of the city's strategic coin. Attracting new ones was second and, to this end, the Long Island Association, the largest commercial and civic organization, expressed an interest in the potential service by sending a letter to three carriers: the above-mentioned US airlines as well as JetBlue and Air Canada.

Although the southwest effect of stimulating demand and expansion at the airports it served initially left its imprint on MacArthur for most of the past decade, its overturning reversed this trend, and JetBlue, a similar, originally one-seat aircraft type, low fare, minimal leader the same positive effect.

After covering the New York area with its presence at three major New York airports and its two secondary airports, Westchester County White Plains and Stewart International in Newburgh, Islip was one of the three new destinations recently considered to be served.

Schumer, instrumental in its original, late-1990s New York service by providing it 75 slots in exchange for realistic-priced upstate tours, considered Long Island Airport a "missing puzzle piece" for JetBlue. Together with former Islip City Inspector Phil Nolan, he underlined their support in cooperation with the carrier and the state and local authorities in implementing the agreement.

Accompanied by Schumer himself, JetBlue CEO Dave Barger, a three-hour tour of the airport was conducted as an integral part of the carrier evaluation process. Passing about 30 departing passengers, he introduced him trying to persuade him to start the service, causing spontaneous applause.

Combining 2.9 million residents in the Nassau and Suffolk counties, the Barger considered the region a 'decent city' and, as the Caribbean was the targeted growth region of the airline, considered the demographics of the Caribbean and Latin Airport favorable.

While JetBlue mirrored its Southwest competitor in many ways, these methods, at least in relation to Long Island, have become a spitting image. He won an auction of eight slots at La Guardia airport and instead allocated the aircraft capacity to his counterpart in New York.

Despite the seemingly unsatisfactory result, Barger stressed that, given the optimum conditions, this Islip service is not a "if, but when" question.

Another airline that the city approached and which has already shown interest in Islip was Air Canada.

Market studies have indicated that 58 percent of passengers in the airport basin had reason to fly to Canada, while more than 30 industrial parks occupying 4200 hectares under the control of Islip under control further increased the need for such a route. In 2011, New York's bidirectional trade with the country reached $ 34.8 billion.

In particular, the Toronto connection was considered a win-win strategy. As a 60th cross-border airline, this would allow for 24/7 airport and airspace operations, minimizing fuel costs and delays, while passengers would have access to their main hub, which would facilitate Canadian, European and Asian flight connections. Since pre-immigration and customs facilities already existed in Canada, no changes were necessary at MacArthur.

But again, the dominance of La Guardia reduced it to a footnote. Since WestJet, its strongest competitor, had just won eight slots at New York Airport, it was wiser to concentrate its assets there to maintain its market share rather than move them to Long Island.

Alaska PenAir, the penultimate carrier with which the city explored the new service, bore more fruit.

With the FAA Airline Stimulus Plan, which resulted in reduced fees for new entrants or existing ones setting up new routes, the agreement saved $ 120,000 in office, rental, operation and landing costs – or a two-year equivalent – if the service continues for two years then.

Replacement of the multi-day Business Express and subsequent service of the American Eagle Saab 340 to Boston-Logan, which ended in 2008, PenAir inaugurated two daily return flights with the same turboprop equipment on July 25, 2013, which considered a logical extension of its growing Northeast route system , which included Bar Harbor, Plattsburgh and Presque Isle.

The flights departed at 8:40 and 7:10. originating in Boston at 7:00 am and 5:30 pm One-way introductory tariffs were set at $ 119.

Last carrier contact, Allegiant Air, also brought wings to Long Island.

"Las Vegas-based Allegiant Travel Company", according to its press release, aims to connect passengers in small towns with world-class tourist destinations. The company operates a low-cost and high-efficiency full-service passenger airline with its subsidiary Allegiant Air, while offering other travel-related products such as hotel rooms, car rental and attraction tickets. "

After market studies indicated the need for air travel to the west coast of Florida, the city of Islip was forged by a carrier who itself found the demography favorable and announced its intention on August 20, 2013. It would be the 99th US city to serve one of 14 holiday destinations.

"We are delighted to add Southwest Florida's beaches as an affordable and convenient destination for Long Island residents," the press release said. "We believe the community will appreciate the convenience of flying nonstop to Punta Gorda."

Allegiant inaugurated Punta Gorda / Ft and offered a one-way and $ 99 return ticket. Myers four months later, on December 20, with 166 MD-80 passengers operating as 999 and departing at 7:20 pm, Date considered the threshold a traditional Florida holiday and winter season.

Based on the response, another seasonal and year-round service at Myrtle Beach, St. St. Petersburg, Orlando, Ft. Lauderdale and Las Vegas would be considered.

4. Current service:

Before Long Island MacArthur Airport can have an economic impact on the region, it needs sufficient air service. Yet, with 23 departures offered until January 2014, two of which were not even daily, this target was hardly achieved.

Southwest, still the dominant airline, offered five flights to Baltimore, three to Orlando, two to Ft. Lauderdale, two on West Palm Beach and one on Tampa – or a total of 13 – operated 737-700 aircraft. This was just one more than it offered in 1999 when it triggered the latest airport growth period and returned to its original state.

US Airways, a fortress since the Allegheny service days, offered four daily de Havilland DHC-8 turboprop flights through its regional carrier in Piedmont to Philadelphia and two to Washington with the Bombardier CRJ-200 regional jet with Air Wisconsin.

PenAir joined Boston with two Saab 340 departures and Allegiant Air joined Long Island Field with two weekly MD-80 services with Ft. Myers / Punta Gorda.

Restoring important trade links to Boston and Washington, each with two flights for 50 or less passengers, allowed passengers to avoid the congestion and commuting times associated with La Guardia and was a step in the right direction. But it was just a child. If Long Island MacArthur is to re-grow into a regional provider and reap its own economic sustainability through landing, operating, office, concession and parking fees, it needs a much larger injection of air services.


Tips for African travel when visiting Mozambique


Famous for its beaches and shrimp, Mozambique also offers visitors World Heritage Sites, colonial architecture and a varied local culture. The busy markets sell excellent carvings and baskets with Makonde wood and ivory sculptures, considered one of the most sophisticated art forms in Africa.

Mozambique has also created talented painters such as Malangatana, and murals adorn many walls, especially in Maputo. Traditional music is in the form of music by Marrabenta, as well as Marimba and calabash orchestras. The rhythmic initiation dances Nhau and mapico can be a frightening look at the rhythm of Africa. Popular activities for travelers include diving, snorkeling, bird watching and fishing for marlin, sailboat or kingfish.




Subtropical, although drought and low rainfall, are common. The rainy season is October-April and the dry season April-September.


1 Mozambique Metical = 100 centavos. We recommend travel checks of USD or Pounds Sterling. Exchange money with eligible institutions. Credit cards are not widely accepted. A large number of traders prefer USD. Import and export of local currency is prohibited.


220 volts, 50 Hz. The plugs are 2- and 3-pin round.


Yellow fever vaccine is required for travelers older than 1 year coming from infected areas. Visitors are advised to take precautionary measures against malaria (risk exists throughout the country throughout the year), hepatitis A, polio, typhoid and meningitis, depending on the area visited and the season, before arrival. Other health problems are basic health facilities, inaccessible medicines, cholera (maintain strict hygiene of food and water) and flu (risk spreads throughout the year).


The official language is Portuguese, but Makua and Tsonga are also spoken. English is not widely spoken, but can be understood.


New Year & # 39; Day (January 1); Heroes & # 39; Day (February 3); Women's Day (April 7); Labor Day (May 1); Independence Day (June 25); Victory Day (September 7); Armed Forces Day (September 25); Extinct Day (November 2); Christmas Eve (December 25); Boxing Day (December 26)


basket net; reed mats; wood carvings; masks; printed matter; leather products; prawns; wine.


Religion is mainly Roman Catholic, but other beliefs include Muslim, Hindu and traditional beliefs. Handshaking is the usual form of greeting. Portuguese customs such as Address Methods (Senhor / Senhora) are used. Dresses are casual and formal wear is rarely necessary. For business suits, suits are acceptable in hot weather, while light suits are recommended for the rest of the year.


GMT +2


Ten percent is common, but it is discouraging in hotels. Taxi drivers expect 10 percent.

DESCRIPTION OF INTERESTING dozens of attractions:


The capital has wide streets lined with red acacia and flowering Lila jacaranda trees; offers many historical, cultural and scenic places such as the cathedral; City council chambers; Tunduro Gardens; Train Station; Museum of Fortress and Natural History; beaches include Praia da Macaneta; Ponta do Ouro and Ponta Malongane.


224 km from Maputo; the nearby beach is a popular tourist destination with a massive cliff protecting the coast from strong waves at high tide; at low tide, locals collect shellfish to sell them to tourists; in the area also visit Praia do Chongoene, Bilene and Banhine National Park with a rich diversity of wildlife.

Mozambique Island:

About two thirds of the island was declared a World Heritage Site. UNESCO thanks to buildings built from corals; Nearby points of interest also include St. Paul's Palace, Museum of the Holy Arts, and Fortress of St. Paul. Šebestiána; Nearby beaches are Praia de Fernão Veloso and Praia das Chocas; on the mainland, in the city of Nampula, see Cathedral and Museum.


The second city of the country, Beira, extends along the coast; see Largo do Municipio, Casa Portugal, Casa Infante de Sagres, Casa dos Bicos and Cathedral; the best beaches are located between Clube Nautico and the lighthouse; near & # 39; Six Miles & # 39; is an inland resort with an artificial lagoon with islands where you can swim or rent pedal boats; Viewing games in the province is in the famous Gorongosa National Park and Marromeu Buffalo Reserve.


Archipelago A very popular tourist area consisting of the islands of Bazaruto, Benguerra, Magaruque and Santa Carolina off the mainland with high quality hotels; On Inhambane on the mainland see the Cathedral of Our Lady of Conception; protected areas include Zinave National Park and Bazaruto National Park.


The city has untouched natural beauty; visit the Old Town where you can visit several traditional markets, Praia do Wimbe and Praia do Farol beaches; The nearby island of Ibo is part of the idyllic archipelago of Quirimbas.

Reservations Lake Niassa & Niassa:

The province of Niassa offers stunning views and scenery; The pristine Niassa Lake is only 4×4 accessible and gives you real Africa & # 39; experience with fishing villages where you can buy fresh fish and coconut milk; Niassa is known for its large number of elephants.

Inhaca Island:

34 km from Maputo in the bay, accessible by boat or plane; Tours of Ponta de Santa Maria and Portuguese Island are possible.

Maputo Elephant Reservation:

79 km south of Maputo, the reserve is known for its herds of elephants; flamingos can also be seen on the large inland lakes by the sea.

Old man's face:

In Chimoio Cabeça do Velho & # 39; is a magnificent natural stone that resembles the face of an old man.


Mozambique – where are Sunny Skies Aqua Blue


It is located on the southeast coast of the continent One of African coastal jewelry . He is known for his crystal blue water , a fantastic coral reef and its amazing diversity of marine life.

This former Portuguese colony, unique melting pot of different cultures is a major attraction for travelers seeking adventure in Africa.

Mozambique, which was destroyed by a bloody civil war that raged for about 17 years, has been actively rebuilding since the end of the war in 1992. This began to open many tourist opportunities for visitors looking to taste it tropical african paradise .

Great neighborhood

Mozambique, bordered by Tanzania, South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi, is an ideal base for travelers who hope to explore these countries. Likewise, a visit to Mozambique can be easily integrated into a trip to one of these countries.

Way around

The Mozambican road network is adequate well established and most major routes are regularly maintained.

Most major centers and popular areas are accessible by two-wheel-drive vehicles . Of course, 4×4 offers a special advantage and opens up many other travel options. They exist several car rentals in Maputo to meet the needs of a traveler who is interested in a self-propelled holiday.

If you prefer comfort and greater confidence that you are managed by an expert, there are a number private minibus operators and reliable public transport companies operating in large centers.

If you want to experience Mozambique travel as part of and more comprehensive African experience , the packages offered by the ground adventure travel company are a good choice. Usually these companies put together ground tours that go through a number of countries and give passengers a unique opportunity to enjoy diverse African travel.

Climate and weather

Mozambique has warm, tropical climate with an average temperature of around 20 s (degrees Celsius). The weather is warm and sunny all year round, ideal for maximum enjoyment of the country's coastal charms.

summer months , from October to April, are often very hot, humid and rainy. From April to September winter months they are cooler, drier and more comfortable for visitors who are not accustomed to the heat and humidity that are usually associated with the warm season in tropical areas.

However, this does not mean that you should not start traveling in Mozambique during the summer, as actual temperatures and precipitation vary from country to country. A higher lie The provinces of Nampula and Niassa are the best while Northeastern coastal areas are the hottest . The northern region receives much more precipitation than the south.

If you hope for a Mozambican safari enjoyment, the best time of year to visit is towards end of winter months . In this drier season, animals in larger groups usually clump together than in summer. Offer summer months excellent fishing opportunities with larger fish that inhabit coastal waters at this time of year.

Diving in Mozambique

Mozambique is world famous dive site with numerous fantastic cliffs supporting amazing diversity of marine life . The relatively warm water temperature and many interesting creatures, including colorful dugongs, sharks, dolphins, whales and shoals, cause amazing diving experience .

The area the most popular among diving enthusiasts is Bazaruto archipelago , consisting of four islands; Bazaruto, Benguerra, Margaruque and Santa Carolina. Coral reefs of the archipelago and clear crystal blue waters provide what is considered to be the best snorkeling and diving in Africa . If your trip to Mozambique is limited to one destination in the country, then this group of islands must be.


The unit of currency is Metický . This was introduced in mid-2006 relatively new currency is used with older people Meticais , which is being phased out. In the southern parts of the country South African Rand, US Dollars and Pounds Sterling are also accepted. North dollars and pounds sterling are widely accepted in the north.
Credit cards are accepted to some extent but only through larger hotels or businesses specifically targeted at tourists. In general, it should be assumed that your credit card will not be readily accepted.

Health precautions

Mozambique is an area at risk of malaria , so it is essential that visitors take appropriate action.
To minimize the risk of mosquitoes, passengers are advised to wear long sleeves and pants wherever possible, and use an effective mosquito repellent on exposed skin.
Treated mosquito nets should be used and the doors and windows of your accommodation should be shielded to prevent mosquitoes from getting. A fan or air conditioner can also to some extent reduce mosquito night activity.

It is also important to use a effective anti-malaria drugs . Note that some medicines cause side effects, so check with your doctor or travel clinic before you are at risk to make sure you are adequately protected.

With a painful history of war and destruction, Mozambique has rebuilt itself and looks to the future by exploiting its own Natural beauty .
Whether you are after an adventure, rest or a perfect eco-tourism experience, Mozambique is idyllic tropical destination it will not disappoint. It's really a slice of paradise.


The McFarland / Richardson Murder case


She was a famous actress in New York named Abby Sage. But after her ex-husband Daniel McFarland killed his lover, journalist Albert Richardson on November 25, 1869, at Richardson's grandstand in New York, the trail, not the Sage lifestyle, was just McFarland.

Daniel McFarland was born in Ireland in 1820, but emigrated to America with his parents when he was four years old. McFarland's parents died when he was 12, leaving him as an orphan. Determined to do something of himself in America, McFarland worked hard in harness, saving money to attend college. When he was 17, McFarland saved enough money to attend a different Ivy League University – Dartmouth. At Dartmouth, McFarland studied law and did very well. After graduation, McFarland passed the bar exam, but instead of practicing law, McFarland took up a position at Brandywine College, where he taught education – a clear and expressive language.

In 1853 McFarland traveled to Manchester, New Hampshire, where he met a very beautiful fifteen-year-old girl named Abby Sage. Abby came from a poor but decent family – her father was a weaver – but Abby was quite clear and soon became a teacher and a published writer. Four years after they met, McFarland and Abey Sage married. She was only 19 years old and twice her age.

Later, Abby wrote in an affidavit on McFarland's murder trial: “At the time of our marriage, Mr. McFarland told me he had a thriving law practice, brilliant political prospects and $ 30,000 worth of property, but while he was forced to borrow on our honeymoon money in New York to allow us to advance to Madison, Wisc., which was decided to become our future home. We lived in this city, but briefly when he admitted that he had no law to practice any consequences and that he devoted himself exclusively to land speculation, some of which resulted in disastrous. ""

In February 1858, McFarlands moved to New York. McFarland told Abby he had a better chance of selling $ 20,000 to $ 30,000 in Wisconsin in New York. But McFarland did not sell anything at first, and soon Abby had to stop most jewelry to pay the rent. When the accounts were hoarding and there was still no money, McFarland decided it was better for him to do it himself. As a result, McFarland sent Abby back to her father's house in New Hampshire. In late 1858, McFarland was finally able to sell some of its Wisconsin properties. Soon after, Abby brought back to New York and settled in a rented cottage in Brooklyn. There their first son Percy was born in 1860 and their second son Daniel was born in 1864.

McFarland's land business went flat and began to drink heavily. Abby later wrote: “Initially, Mr. McFarland confessed to me the most extravagant and passionate devotion, but soon began to drink heavily, and before we got married in a year, his breath and body choked on a ferocious fluid. Reform, but he cried out: My brain is on fire and liquor makes me sleep. & # 39; "

At the beginning of the Civil War, McFarlands briefly returned to Madison, Wisconsin. Soon McFarland realized, under the right circumstances and with some training, his beautiful, young wife would be the better of the two. To carry out his plan, McFarlands traveled back to New York to train Abby to become an actress.

In New York, Abby got tired of reading her drama and found she had talent for the stage. One thing led to the other and soon Abby acted in several games and made a tidy amount of $ 25 per week. Abby's career progressed so quickly, soon appearing opposite great actor Edwin Booth in a businessman in Venice (Edwin Booth was John Wilke's older brother, the man who shot and killed Abraham Lincoln). Abby also complements her income by writing several articles on children and nature. After her son Percy, she even wrote a poetry book called Percy's Book of Rhymes.

Abby's artistic achievements allowed her to expand her circle of friends. She became quick friends with magnate Horace Greeley, his sister, Mrs. John Cleveland, and New York Tribune publisher Samuel Sinclair and his wife.

But his wife's achievements did nothing to reassure McFarland's wild nature. He used his wife's new friends and connections to get a political appointment. Abby later said, "Thanks to the influence of Horace Greeley, founder of the New York tribune, I have earned him a position (McFarland) for one of the interim marshals."

McFarland soon became jealous of Abby's new friends, and his drinking grew exponentially. McFarland held the money Abby earned from playing and writing and spent everything on booze. McFarland began to open Abby's private mail, and if he didn't like what he read, he would risk killing Abby and himself.

"This time he became a demon," Abby said. “He got up in bed, tore his bed linen to pieces, and threatened to kill me. When he runs out, he asks me for mercy and goes to sleep. ”

Once, McFarland was so furious that he hit Abby's face, so hard that it caused her to stumble back. Since then, their relationship has changed dramatically.

"There was a look in his eyes that made him burst into tears of paroxysm and begged me to forgive him," Abby said. "But from that point on, I never told him I loved him or forgave him because it wouldn't be true."

In January 1867 McFarlands moved to a guest house on 72 Amity Street in New York. Shortly after, Albert Deane Richardson, who was then in his thirties, moved to the same guest house. Richardson was already known to Abby because they met at Mr. Sinclair's house. Richardson had an orange-colored beard and hazel eyes, and was considered a very different-looking individual of the highest figure.

Richardson, born in Massachusetts, was one of the most famous reporters of his time. He was well known for his writings as a war correspondent for the New York Tribune during the Civil War, and he also spent time acting as a spy for the North. In 1862 Richardson was captured in the south in Vicksburg and spent a year and a half in two separate confederation prisons. In December 1863, while imprisoned in Salisbury, North Carolina, Richardson and another war correspondent escaped from prison and traveled four hundred kilometers on foot until they reached the Union Line in Knoxville. At the time of his imprisonment, Richardson had a wife and four children. When he returned home, he found that his wife and daughter had died. Richardson took over the support and care of the other three children, who were thirteen, ten and six at the time of his death.

Back at a New York grandstand table Richardson capitalized on civil war heroism by writing about his escape. The title of his newspaper article was "From the Jaws of Death and the Mouth of Hell". He was considered one of the best pieces of journalism that came out of the Civil War. Richardson expanded this article into a book and, in combination with other writings, Richardson turned from a war prisoner to a rich man. Richardson bought shares in the New York grandstand and became a minority owner of the newspaper.

While moving to the same boarding house as McFarlands, Richardson was now editor / writer of the New York tribune. (Editor's note: I was a sports journalist for the reincarnation of the New York tribune in the 1980s.) Richardson used his 72 Amity Street room as an office and also a sleeping place. On his staff at 72 Amity Street, Richardson employed a stenographer, artist, and messenger to deliver his work to the New York Tribune offices in downtown Park Row.

On February 19, 1867, McFarland returned to the guest house and his wife found his wife standing in front of Richardson's door. Abby claimed that Richardson and she were discussing one of their articles, but McFarland would have none of this.

Abby later wrote, "When we entered our apartment, my husband flew in anger, insisting that there was a disproportionate intimacy between Mr. Richardson and me."

McFarland immediately went to the three-day bender, where he again threatened Abby's life and said he committed suicide. Finally, on February 21, Abby left McFarland forever. She grabbed her two children and settled down with Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Sinclair.

At Sinclairs Abby summoned her father, who now lived in Massachusetts, to inform him of the situation. It was agreed that McFarland should be invited to Sinclair's residence, and in the presence of the Sinclairs and her father, Abby McFarland, said their marriage had ended.

That same evening Richardson called Sinclair. Richardson offered his condolences to Abby and said he would do everything he could to help her when he needed her. As he left, Abby followed him into the hallway.

With tears in her eyes, she said, “You were very kind to me. I can't repay you. ”

As for the two Abby children, Richardson said, "How do you feel when you face the world with two children?"

She said, "It looks hard for a woman, but I'm sure I can do better than a man without that man."

Before leaving Richards Abby said, "I wish you to remember that any responsibility you choose to give me in any possible future I will be happy to take."

Two days later Richardson asked Abby to marry him and told her that she wanted to give her her mother without her mother so that she could take care of her as she should.

Abby later said, "It was absolutely impossible for me not to love him."

On the night of March 13, 1867, Richardson met Abby at the theater, where she had just finished the performance. Just as they turned the corner, McFarland ran after them, firing three shots; one of them pierced Richardson's thigh. It was a superficial wound and Richardson was not seriously injured. McFarland was arrested by the police, but due to some inexplicable courtroom actions, McFarland somehow managed to escape the prison.

When McFarland was aware that his wife had been lost forever, he decided to sue for his two children. The courts reached a partial decision by which Abby was placed in custody of Daniel and McFarland – custody of Percy. In April 1868, Abby tried to see her son Percy, but was refused by McFarland, who flew into fury and threatened to strike her. At the moment, Abby had no choice but to file for divorce.

In New York, adultery was the only reason for divorce. So in July 1868, Abby decided to go to Indiana because of her divorce, where the reasons for the divorce were more extensive. These include drunkenness, extreme cruelty and the failure to support the wife. Abby stayed in Indiana for 16 months until her divorce from McFarland was final. Then Abby traveled to her family home in Massachusetts, and Richardson met there to spend Thanksgiving Day 1869 with her and her family.

On November 25, 1869, at 5:15 PM, McFarland walked into Park Row's offices in a New York grandstand. The silence hid in the corner for about 15 minutes until he saw Richardson, who entered through the side entrance to Spruce Street. While Richardson read his mail at the counter, McFarland rushed to him and fired several shots. Richardson was hit three times, but still managed to walk two steps into the editorial office where he threw himself on the couch, fatally wounded by a bullet in his chest. When the medics arrived, Richardson was transferred across the town hall to Astor House and laid down on the bed in Room 115.

At 10 pm McFarland was arrested in room 31 of the Westmoreland Hotel, on the corner of Seventeenth Street and Fourth Avenue. The arrested officer, Captain AJ Allaire, told McFarland that he had been arrested for shooting Richardson. McFarland initially said he was innocent. Then he said, shocked, "It had to be me."

Captain Allaire took McFarland into custody and brought him to Astor House, room 115. After Captain Allaire asked Richardson if the man before him was his assailant, Richardson slightly lifted his head from the pillow and said, "That's the man! & # 39;

Abby Sage was immediately called to New York. When she arrived, at Richardson's request, Horace Greeley took steps to allow Abby and Richardson to marry on Richardson's deathbed. The marriage ceremony was performed by Rev. Henry Ward Beecher and Rev. OB Frothingham. Three days later, on December 2, Richardson took his last breath and left Abby Richardson's widow.

At McFarland's lawyer, his lawyer John Graham told the New York press that Abby Sage's intentions toward Mr. Richardson were honest. Graham said, "This gentle and moving marriage was a gruesome and shameful rite to obtain the property of a dying man, and it tended to hasten his demise."

Initially, Richardson's New York journalists defended Richardson's honor and began to immerse themselves in McFarland's life, trying to find something that would discredit McFarland. The New York Tribune wrote that McFarland was in the habit of eating opium to drown his grief.

However, New York Sun continued its campaign to discredit Abby and Richardson. In an editorial entitled "Public Outrage at Religion and Grace," the Sun accused Richardson of luring Abby away from her loving husband. The Sun even created a quote from Brother McFarland, who said, “Abby went to read just to get a chance to paint her face, go through for beauty, and get into that free love tribe at Sam Sinclair & # 39; p. "

There was a battle in the press, where most New York newspapers argued that Richardson and Abby were immoral, and that McFarland did an honest thing in killing the man who stole his wife.

McFarland's trial was opened on April 4, 1820. Knowing that her lawyer had been on a mission to dishonor and discredit her, Abby brought her to court. Still, Graham tried to ensure compassion from the jury to his client by letting McFarland Percy's son sit next to him.

In his opening argument, Graham pleaded with the jury to understand the mental anxiety his client was forced to endure. Graham said, “The defendant mental organization was so sensitive and tender that he was unable to cope with and bear the deep sadness and misfortune that awaited him. His speculation was disastrous, and the seeds of dissatisfaction began to be sown first. . "

Then Graham came to the main thrust of his defense as he attacked the virtue and honor of Abby. “When she first met my client, she was just a poor factory girl. She told me once more to her client, all I need to become an elegant lady and the favorite of the New York elite is money. # 39; "

Then Graham told the jury that a break in his client's life occurred on February 21, 1867, when McFarland arrived home at 3 pm and saw his wife leave Richardson's room.

"This beautiful woman was completely spoiled," Graham said. “Before laying, she laid the stage awards and the company of great men. Then she was too elegant and too popular for her modest land and the demon who put her in front of all these temptations for which she had to pay the price. with her soul was Richardson ”

Graham pointed out the boiling point for his client he had reached one day when McFarland left for the New York grandstand office. There he received a letter from an office boy addressed to Mrs McFarland. The boy mistakenly thought that the letter was addressed to "Mr. McFarland."

Graham told the jury: “My client opened the letter, looked it over, and found it to be a love letter written by Richardson in Boston, Mrs. McFarland. In that letter, Richardson openly states that he intends to marry this woman if he can obtain a divorce from Mr McFarland. "

During the trial, prosecutors, led by former judge and then Congressman Noah Davis, concentrated on how McFarland had mistreated his wife during the marriage and occasionally defeated her. To support these allegations, the prosecution prosecuted Abby's relatives and friends, including a man of great influence – Horace Greeley.

Greeley, however, was not a fan of the corrupt democratic machine Tammany Hall, whom Greeley had highlighted many times in his paper. As a return, Tammany Hall used their considerable influence, before and during the trial, to discredit Greeley and Abby.

On his last two-day summary, Graham tried to influence the jury to think that his client was just a victim of unbearable consequences.

"Evidence suggests the madness that the defendant worked at the time of the shooting," Graham said. "It was a state of mind that was fueled by the agony he persisted at the thought of losing his house, his wife, and his children."

The jury bought Graham's incredible defense as a brand that is bought into a three card game. On May 10, it took only an hour and fifty-five minutes to return the verdict of innocence because of madness.

Though deeply depressed, Abby Sage Richardson remained firmly in New York after the trial. She became a successful writer and playwright and was well received in the literary and social community. She also edited and published a book of Richardson's undisclosed work.

Abby also kept her promise to the dying Richardson to raise her three children as her own. She also raised her son Daniel, whose name was changed to Willie (not to be associated with his father Daniel McFarland). Abby's other son Percy left McFarland and returned to his mother. He changed his surname from McFarland to Sage's mother's maiden name.

On December 5, 1900, Abby Sage Richardson died of pneumonia in Rome.

Daniel McFarland traveled west in 1880. He was last heard in Colorado and no record of his death was recorded. According to historian Edmund Pearson, "it didn't take long to drink to death."

Albert Richardson was buried in his home town of Franklin, Massachusetts. In Franklin, the monument to Richardson's heroism in the Civil War is clearly visible. The inscription on the monument reads: "Many thank those who have never known your face, so we will say goodbye, dear heart and true."


Joseph Pulitzer: Man after price


1. Introduction:

The Pulitzer Prize is a sign of outstanding achievements in journalism and reflects the name and ideals of the person who created it.

"From 1917 to 1958, a total of 251 Pulitzer Prizes for Journalism were awarded," according to John Hohenberg in his book The Pulitzer Prize Story (Columbia University Press, 1959, p. 7) "- 41 public service gold medals for newspapers and 210 prizes included ninety-eight newspapers and 187 persons, seven whole newspaper crews, three telegraph services, three syndicates, and one group prize for war correspondents "Twenty-nine intelligence organizations, or their employees won more victories, and 13 special quotes for journalism were also issued. "

Despite the awards, ironically, it does not always reflect what is considered to be a smooth and successful life. In fact, while constantly searching for education and success and incorporating these ideals into the newspapers he owned, he also lived a tumultuous life plagued by misfortune and illness, and not one that in itself represented a price.

2. His life:

Born in Mako, Hungary, he emigrated to the US with a frantic understanding of English. He tried to negotiate for his new homeland, which only speaks German. Yet he was ambitious and eager to learn, first serving in Lincoln's Cavalry in New York at the age of 18, and then moving to St. John Louise, where his mother tongue was used more often, was eagerly studying English at the local business library.

When he surrendered Austrian citizenship on March 6, 1867, he eventually reached his first goal of becoming an American.

His future was one of those who called quickly. After serving in the Civil War, he made friends with Dr. Preetorius, who with close ties to the German newspaper Westliche Post was able to secure him a position. Under the impression of working ethics, he soon promoted him to a reporter and co-author.

His efforts seemed unlimited. Pulitzer, devoted to about 16 hours of day, watched, absorbed, reported and linked, and the newspaper soon gave way to politics.

For example, appointed a candidate member of the Republican Party on December 14, 1869, the following month became a prosecutor in nearby Jefferson City.

Driven by his newly acquired powers and before expiry of his short term term on March 24, he passed a bill that, among other things, restricted the jurisdiction of the district court. But his government has just begun.

Still gaining political understanding, he became one of the three appointed police commissioners. Louis, to collect January 19, 1872 salary of $ 1,000. But his journalist party did not lose anyway and subsequently bought a controlling stake in the Westliche Post. It would hardly be his last.

Using seemingly inexhaustible energy, he created a small reserve of funds, bought two years later the second German language magazine Staats-Zeitung, sold it to the English globe for $ 27,000 the following day, and recorded significant profits from the transaction. Navigating in newspapers has become as routine as navigating in his hometown.

Two years later, he was appointed a special correspondent in Washington, continuing to interact with influential people, and in addition to writing several stories for St. After his return, the Louis Times began studying the law he had practiced after withdrawing his steps to the East Coast. Love and journalism have now emerged.

The first involved his marriage to Kate Davis on June 19, 1878, while the latter took the form of buying Louis's expedition and his subsequent merger with the post office. Both marriages were successful.

"He worked long hours – often far into the night, using gas light – to make his paper clear, sharp, disrespectful, surprising, and a tiny shock," wrote WA Swanberg at Pulitzer (Charles Scribner's Sons, 1967, p. 49-50). "He exhaled in such a pulsating way that the image was so fresh that it might have been invented: sensationalism."

Its two ventures, combined under one banner of St. Louis Post-Dispatch, allowed him to direct his talents and achieve considerable success. Indeed, after the birth of his first child, Ralph, on June 11, 1879, it was estimated that the newspaper had reached circulation of 4,984.

Although this vein seemingly continued and even welcomed the birth of his second child, Lucille Irma, on September 30 of the following year, the perception actually deceived. He married two children, ran a successful newspaper, and was involved in several other interests. He entered a slow, health-eroding period characterized by sometimes uncontrollable nerves and fatigue. Despite medical attention, no cure was found.

But he refused to arrest his pace, but he advanced, mostly denying his condition.

"Journalism was his way to teaching and power," says Swanberg (pp. 61-62). "And wealth was vital to the huge capital investment he had in mind."

Journalism seemed to flow through his family's veins as if it were blood.

When he founded one cent newspaper in Manhattan, the New York Morning Journal, after investing $ 25,000, his brother Albert seemed going to follow Pulitzer's path, but Joseph himself always focused on superiority, saw the business as a competitor and signaled it discrepancy between them.

Although Joseph achieved some success with his business Louis Post-Dispatch, barely ranked among the newspaper giants that are synonymous with cities like Boston and New York. He went on a series of research trips to find out why he had befriended several influential people in the industry and analyzed the reasons for their meteoric ascension, concluding that he needed a second publication in a much larger metropolis to mimic their achievements.

In an effort to dramatically increase his wealth and power, he made a key decision to buy New York World News, April 28, 1883, from Jay Gould for $ 346,000.

The product success he learned quickly depended on differentiation and style, and these were the qualities he was able to apply, allowing him to fill his new publication with his own taste, causing increased circulation in the process.

But he was still swinging on a swing, but he fell again to the side of health or health as his business went up or succeeded. Except for the frequent adoption of psychopathic symptoms as he tried to juggle with his two journalistic businesses, the tragedy still weaved the web for the rest of his family. Six weeks before his daughter Katherine Ethel was to turn two, she died of pneumonia on May 9, 1884.

But Pulitzer pretended. By educating his readers about democracy and the key issues they were invited to vote with his World News, he was able to gather the greatest circulation of any comparable democratic publication in the US.

"In less than six years, Pulitzer inflated his initial investment of several thousand dollars into about $ 2,500,000 in newspaper properties," wrote Swanberg (p. 101).

Now he was seriously struggling with his worsening medical condition, hiring George Walter Turner to take the helm as world business manager, giving him the opportunity to step back from the daily grind, soothe his nerves and minimize the headaches he was constantly exposed to.

Although family blessings continued with the birth of another son, Joseph Jr., on March 21, 1885, was visibly crumpled, as often noted by his wife Kate, now affected by deteriorating vision. In fact, the condition was that after one day in the next year he went to the world's offices to read the daily diaries, he could no longer distinguish words and instead view them as nothing more than a blurry line.

For this reason, he was forced to undertake a search for doctors, hospitals, specialty medications, and anything that could improve his condition, made several voyages to Europe where doctors could only advise him to stop working and still lie in dark, noiseless rooms to calm your nerves. The methods produced a calming effect at best.

It was never possible to break the connection with the empire he carefully built at the expense of his health.

"(Really), on December 10, 1890, the new Pulitzer Building, at 209 foot the tallest structure in New York, was officially opened with a ceremony and fanfare …," again according to Swanberg (pp. 162-163). “The first impression of a pretty building was the exact impression that was intended – one of the absolute dominance of Park Row … Pulitzer's building was Joseph Pulitzer's 20-story shout over his rivals, the structural equivalent of World Permanent Individual Advertising. "

But his family was infiltrated by illnesses, as was the newspaper. Worried about inexplicable fatigue, headaches, insomnia and worries, his brother Albert sold his concern, the New York Morning Journal, to William Randolf Hearst for $ 180,000 and radically adjusted it by cutting his penny price and increasing its length to 16 pages.

"Though ruthless with money, Hearst bet on what looked like a certain thing, imitating every Pulitzer policy and carrying a mile or two away," Swanberg said (p. 205). "His diary sincerely appealed to the working class, using the simplest language, and (a) lured readers by fun, sensationalism, and crusades …"

This signaled another conflict Joseph had to contend with, and he was already losing the battle with the others. Despite dividing the world into morning, evening, and Sunday editions, labeled as "Senior," "Junior," and "Seniority," its record-breaking circulation, reaching a million, began to decline as it faced competition from Hearst & Publications, itself divided into morning and Sunday issues.

He refused to cede the race, bought the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, which recently sold, and re-employed many of his former employees. But his losses continued to rise: money, misfortune, health, reading, and once again the passing of daughter Lucille to typhoid.

"The next two years (were) least credible in Pulitzer's life, a period his admirers would rather go through but inevitable in the circumstances," Swanberg says (p. 222). “During this time, he violated most of the journalistic principles he followed for years. Cynics, who had already noticed the commercial nature of their Evening and Sunday worlds, noted that Hearst had to prove that Pulitzer's ideals, after everything, were just window dressing and that money was his only object. Unless Hearst had done anything else, it was said, at least, he had exposed his older rival as a liar and a scam. "

Pulitzer's disaster crossed the bridge into the 20th century. Only nine days had his private library and most of his art collection set fire on his 55th Street in New York.

A renewed focus on the world, after a period of strategic planning, prompted him to release an 18-inch tabloid edition that commemorated the first such edition of the century and a copy of it was presented to President McKinley. It represented technological advances and also invested $ 2,000 in the first engine-driven truck. He replaced the team with 70 horses and together with 19 others introduced his new fleet.

Although he was striving for a long ascent to success, his 33rd year in the newspaper was more marked by a descent. Refusing to give repeated medical warnings, he continued his business, but by 1902 he was virtually unable, able to use only an hour of clarity a day, and dropped for most listeners of those who read his mail to him. His "world" was reduced to an alternative that mostly existed in his head.

He became a little more than a hermit, living in jail while his secretaries served as his eyes, ears, and connection with humanity.

However, he never lost sight of his goals, yet he was able to issue the 20th anniversary of the commemorative edition of the world, which was published on 10 May 1903.

More importantly, however, he has planted a seed that is growing today. After an unsuccessful attempt to establish a School of Journalism at Columbia University in 1892 – at that time it was unclear whether writing would become a profession – Nicholas Murray Butler, his current president, agreed to do so 12 years later, to which Pulitzer himself contributed the amount of philanthropy 1 million dollars.

Reflecting his nature, it was just one of many acts that tied him up as a generous man. Indeed, in addition to constantly rewarding his employees with gifts, he reversed the giving process one year by giving them birthday presents.

He took the helm as vice president of the world shortly after his marriage to Federico Webb, his son Ralph on October 14, 1905, relieved him of many duties, but his generosity never ceased. He returned from his honeymoon and received a house of $ 89,000, located on 17th East 73rd Street in Manhattan, as a wedding gift from his father, whose own house accidentally approached him.

Although his empire literally ruled New York, he was rarely seen as he gradually passed governments to his sons, Joseph Jr. himself appointed the acting chief of the world and president st. Louis Post-Expedition at a dinner party held at New Famous York's Delmonico Restaurant in 1907.

After his 60th birthday, Joseph Sr., who was not present, applied for his pension. However, since it was hardly the first of these proclamations, all present knew that he would continue to exert his influence in one way or another.

Liberty took to the sea for what had become one of the largest yachts in the country, and kept sailing alone, always looking for a doctor and medication to cure his condition. But he never succeeded – and indeed his brother Albert, who suffered in the same situation, lived in different hotels until he finally took his life in Vienna.

He felt his own approach to immortality and reviewed the revised copies of his will with his secretaries who accompanied him on his sailing. More than anything, however, it was obvious that his suffering was inextricably linked to his very explosive, persistent personality, driven by success and serving as a friend and an enemy.

"The escape he was looking for," wrote Swanberg (p. 406) "was impossible because he couldn't escape himself, his nerves, his compulsion to communicate, rule."

He finally left the world, dying on his yacht, which was anchored in Charleston, South Carolina on November 30, 1911.

3. His death:

"The ascending figure in national and international journalism has passed," said William Randolf Hearst, while Pulitzer was laid to rest, according to Swanberg (p. 412); “The powerful democratic power in the life of the nation and in the world has ended; great power is exercised uniformly on behalf of popular rights, and human progress is complete. Joseph Pulitzer is dead. ”

Although the three editions of the world remained under the control of his sons, their circulation decreased to 313,000 by 1931, as readers favored newspapers such as The New York Times, Daily Mirror and Daily News, and were forced to exceed profits after losses began, forced is to sell Scripp-Howard for $ 5 million. The owners of the New York evening telegram themselves were eagerly expanding.

4. Its price:

Joseph Pulitzer, who has never deviated from his strategy of stable work and strong influence, arranged life for journalism, law and politics, raised a large family, founded two newspapers, founded the Columbia School of Journalism and served as an example for the award that bore his name .

Self-confidence coupled with the compulsive search laid the foundations of his life, while the cash gains from his business allowed his growth.

However, in addition to raising funds to achieve their goals, perhaps the larger question is what brought it to them and the legacies they left behind. Only a closer look at the men behind them can illuminate these answers.

"From the beginning (Pulitzer) was irritably inquisitive and so hardworking that he became a positive anger towards others who felt less inclined to work," Julian Rammelkamp noted in his book, Pulitzer's Letter After Posting: 1878-1883 (Princeton University Press, 1967 , p. 6).

His desire to succeed and his successes to reflect his ideals were so strong that he eventually sacrificed his health to do so.

But he had many hidden qualities that were not so obvious to those who looked from outside, such as love for children, the desire for knowledge, the desire for sincere friendship, and a demonstration of his generosity. Emotionally riding on an inner roller coaster, he embodied two extremes and occasionally portrayed a stern, if not evil, image of man, but showed extreme generosity in others.

"He was alternatively angry and saint Nick, showered gifts (about his family)," Swanberg wrote in Pulitzer (p. 288).

But the ultimate “gift” may be the price he inspired. Considered as an award for outstanding results and outstanding results in journalism, it reflects his own passion for success, diligence and generosity. Although it was awarded to many individuals for their achievements, it was still awarded to those who seem to deserve less.

James W. Mulroy and Alvin H. Goldstein, for example, two Daily News reporters who were considered to be more than "chicks", won their own in 1924 for their excellent work in collecting and reporting the reports needed to resolve the murder. secret. But they were not better known or exalted than countless others who performed similar tasks across the country.

"(In fact, they started as) all the thousands of chicks coming to dusty local rooms in all the country's newspapers, green and unqualified and ambitious," wrote Hohenberg in the Pulitzer Prize Story (p. 15).

The murder itself meant the disappearance of Robert Franks, the 14-year-old son of the rich watch manufacturer Jacob Franks. The kidnapping of students by Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold on May 22 was reportedly disappeared, although his father, who had been sent ransom requests to ensure his safe return, began to suspect that he was no longer alive, as was shown the next morning when his body was discovered under the Pennsylvania Railroad. The incident became the famous case of Loeb-Leopold today.

Although Mulroy and Goldstein were immersed in the project to a much greater extent than expected, although they were only assigned to carry out the "footwork" case, which included investigating small details, talking to a handful of people and taking pictures, working 24 hours a day and eating and sleep only as far as possible until they find out the pharmacy Franks was instructed to hand over to the kidnappers.

While rival reporters and detectives followed their hunting tracks, Mulroy and Goldstein searched for the University of Chicago campus until they found the typewriter samples from the typewriter Leopold used to ransom.

Subsequent interviews with four college witnesses revealed that they were lying about the kidnappers & # 39; alibis, cracking the case, and allowing these two unknown reporters without special merit to accomplish what other more experienced professionals were unable to do.

If one deserves and is faithful, Pulitzer advocated so often, then he should be rewarded, which was Mulroy and Goldstein in 1925 when they won the Pulitzer Prize for Reporting.

This, more than anything else, represented the qualities of man beyond price.


Hohenberg, John. The story of the Pulitzer Prize. New York: Columbia University Press (1959).

Rammelkamp, ​​Julian. Pulitzer after sending: 1878-1883. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1967

Swanberg, WA Pulitzer. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1967.


Tips for choosing your lawyer for a car accident


As a motorcycle, car or any motor vehicle driver that may be involved in an accident, you may find it difficult to win this case, even if you are not mistaken, especially if the other party has its own legal counsel. For this reason, it is best to hire a competent accident attorney to deal with your case. Obviously, you must pay this lawyer for their services, but some lawyers will not charge you until the case is resolved. The price you pay to a professional will be worth the money once you know how much they can actually claim for you in terms of compensation from insurance companies and the other party to the accident.

Never handle an accident yourself

It is not a good idea to try to solve any accident you involve yourself. This is because you will have to fully realize your rights and obligations before you can actually deal with the insurance company, or even think about suing the co-driver of an accident. Once you have made an agreement with the insurance company, do not forget that it will withdraw your right to claim any compensation. Without knowing the total cost of the accident or the extent of the injury costs it will cause, it will be difficult to recover all the money without the assistance of a traffic accident attorney.

Hire a lawyer

To ensure maximum compensation for the accident, you will need to hire a competent lawyer to represent you. The best lawyers in case of an accident may have people waiting for their services, so look for the best lawyers in your research. If you meet an attorney immediately, it may mean that the attorney is not competent enough to deal with the case because they are relatively free to accept any case that comes on their way.

The best lawyers in case of an accident do not accept all cases that come to them. In fact, they are very selective about the cases they receive and the people they represent. So you should be selective about the lawyer you hire to represent you by writing a list of questions and asking them questions about their experience. Read the testimonies of lawyers from clients' past to see if they were satisfied with their services.

Beware of lawyers who do not answer your questions

Avoid lawyers who discourage your questions and cannot answer them in a simple way. This may mean that they are not best for your case and may not have enough experience to represent your case. Find out how long the lawyer advised for traffic accidents has been practicing, as experience in these matters is very important.

Investigate whether a traffic accident lawyer has ever won a grand judgment or settlement, and whether he or she will personally work on your case. In a specific case, there may be multiple questions that you can ask your solicitor, but these are sufficient to help you get a competent solicitor to fight for your case.


A traveler guide around Pensacole, Florida


Located in northwest Florida, ten miles from the state border of Alabama on its panhandl, it is rich in historical, military aviation and natural landmarks, all with Florida's signature sun, sand, seafood and water.


Although it is St. Augustine on the eastern or Atlantic coast of Florida, considered the oldest American city and rooted after Admiral Pedro Menendez de Aviles sailed to him, founded a western colony of Pensacola or the Gulf of Mexico, he could claim the title if his own solution lasted.

Six years earlier, in August 1559, the Spanish explorer Tristan de Luna dropped his own anchor in the area of ​​local tribes called "Panzacola" for "long-haired people" with the intention of carrying out Mexican Viceroy Luis de Velasca Spain's order to set up a gulf settlement.

Well stocked and prepared, it was equipped with 11 ships and brought 1,500 future colonists, including African slaves and Mexican Indians. However, history was forced to take the wrong fork on the road when a violent hurricane devastated eight de Luna ships on September 19.

In an effort to save the expedition, however, he sent one of them to Veracruz, Mexico, for help, and had the immigrants expelled from the coast and survived by exhausting the supplies they had brought. Yet, instead of supplying colonists again, the ships that arrived a year later saved only the survivors and took them to Havana and left only more than a military base by the spring of 1561. By August, a handful of troops had left the new property and returned to Mexico, which he considered too dangerous to settle.

Although it was not known at that time, claim to fame as the oldest, continuous American city that it would never be able to do.

It would have been nearly 150 years, in 1698, in the fact that foreign forces would again try to gain a foothold – in this case, Spain created a more successful garrison in what would become modern Pensacola, and to this end established a colonial city.

As has often happened in history, the country, once it has declared itself, has become the price others have sought, often by military means, and Pensacola has shown no exception. The Spaniards initially surrendered to the French in May 1719, but it was not nearly the end of her ownership. France, Spain, Britain and Spain would regain control over the next century, until 1821 it finally ceded Florida to the United States. Since the Confederation also "acquired a residence", Pensacola is considered a "City of Five Flags". . "

Much of its nearly 500-year history has been preserved and can be experienced in the historic Pensacola district, managed by the UWF Historic Trust, an organization supported by the University of West Florida, and consists of 27 properties on the National Register of Historic Places.

Admission, which can only be purchased for a week, includes guided tours, and visitors and tickets can be obtained at Tivoli High House.

There are many important structures. For example, Seville Square is the center of the old settlement and served as one end of the British Route parade and ended at its twin Plaza Ferdinand VII. It was here that General Andrew Jackson received the territory of West Florida from Spain in 1821 and first raised the American flag.

A small, well-preserved part of Fort George, the goal of the American Revolution in the Battle of Pensacola, is a symbol of the British occupation between 1763 and 1781.

There are original houses, including Julee Panton, Lavalle 1805, Dorr 1871 and Lear-Rocheblave 1890.

The Old Christ Church, located in Seville Square and built in 1824 by slave labor, is the oldest of its kind in a state that still occupies its original place.

There are also several museums: TT Wentworth, Jr., the Florida State Museum, which was built in 1908 and originally served as the Town Hall, the Pensacola Children's Museum, the Voices of Pensacola Multicultural Center and the Museum of Commerce.

Although not technically part of the historic Pensacola district, the Pensacola Grand Hotel is located on the site of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad's depot, built in 1912 to replace the original 1882 L&N Union Station, which has served Pensacola for 58 years. It is now in the National Register of Historic Places.

Restored to its original beauty and transformed into a hotel with a multi-storey glass tower, it retains much of its early decoration, including French clay tile roofs and ceramic mosaic tiles, and is adorned with period pieces such as solid, cast bronze light and antique furniture.

His rich "1912, The Restaurant", located on the ground floor, features a Biva entrance door from London, a French-style Philadelphia bronze chandelier, a 1885 chamfered glass from a Victorian hotel in Scranton, and a grilled barbecue by Lloyd's of London.

Pensacola Naval Air Station:

There are several major attractions at the Pensacola Naval Air Station, to which the visitor has an access gate and needs identification, such as a license, to enter.

Located alone on the site of the Navy Shipyard, which was built in 1825, began as an air training station to break out the First World War with nine officers, 23 mechanics, eight aircraft and ten tents with beach equipment and was considered the first of its kind.

Thanks to World War II, which is expanding dramatically, it trained 1,100 cadets per month, flying together for about two million hours. After the Naval Flight Training Command relocated its headquarters from Corpus Christi, Texas to Pensacola, pure jets were incorporated into the curriculum. Today, 12,000 active military personnel are assigned to the station, of which 9,000 undergo flight training.

The world famous National Maritime Aviation Museum, which is also located here, is the largest and one of the most visited tourist attractions in Florida. It did not begin as a tourist landmark, but as a means of incorporating the history of naval aviation into the cadet curriculum, for which there was not enough time or funding for the traditional modality of books and studies.

Originally housed in a 8,500-square-foot timber frame building from World War II, the facility has become the site for the selection, collection, preservation and display of aircraft and artifacts that represent the development and heritage of the service industry. He opened his door on June 8, 1963.

Still expanding, it currently has 700 aircraft in its collection, which are exhibited in 11 other official naval museums across the country, but some 150 originally restored are still exhibited here with a new facility with 37 outdoor acres and 350,000 square feet of interior space. was completed. Admission is free.

It is divided into a south wing, a west wing, a mezzanine on the second floor and a single hangar bay One, following the evolution of naval aviation and the aircraft he has been operating since its inception to the latest Middle East conflicts.

For example, triple A-1 was named because if it worked in three realms of air (wings), water (floats) and earth (wheels). The Nieuport 28, in part of World War I, facilitated aircraft carrier experiments while the mammoth Navy-Curtiss NC-4, on the threshold of the Golden Age exhibition, was the first to cross the Atlantic from Trepassey, Newfoundland, to the Azores Islands outside Portugal.

Speed ​​from fighters during the Cold War is represented by such types as McDonnell F2H-4 Banshee, North American FJ-2 Fury and Russian MiG-15.

The highlight of the western wing is the island of "USS Cabot" and a replica of its carrier deck, which is surrounded by a large collection of mainly WWII aircraft, including the wild cat Grumman F4F-3, Vought-Sikorsky FG-1D Corsair and General Motors (Grumman) TBM Avenger.

Of the numerous exhibits on the mezzanine of the museum, which itself overlooks the southern and western wings and is accessible even on the steps of land-based airliners, there can be none that offers more contrast than those dedicated to lighter aerial and space exploration.

From the ball balloon, which was first lifted by the Montgolfier brothers in 1783, in the first case, the airships were large, controllable balloons, which themselves had buoyancy based on buoyancy, but built engines for propulsion and rudders and elevators, respectively longitudinal (pitch) axis. The crew and passengers were accommodated in suspended gondolas. Rigid types represented internal frames that did not require rigid ones such as blimps.

You can see gondolas or control cars from naval ships L-8 and K-47 from World War II. It, delivered on May 19, 1943 at Moffett Field, California, had an internal volume of 425,000 cubic feet.

In the latter case, or in space, the replica of the Mercury Freedom 7 space capsule, which was launched at 116.5 nautical miles and transmitted over air / space for 14.8 minutes, is the contribution of maritime aviation to space. The program since Naval Aviator Alan B. Shepard became the first American to enter this area on May 5, 1961.

Also seen is the original Skylab II control module, which orbited the Skylab space station for 28 days between May and June 1973. It is operated by a three-man crew across the Navy and set several records, including the longest manned flight, maximum mileage and mass anchored in space. .

From the mezzanine and from the main floor, you can see the 10,000-square-meter Blue Angels Atrium, which connects the south and west wings and includes four Douglas A-4 Skyhawks in a diving diamond painted in the aerobatic team & # 39; dark blue color.

With 55,000 square feet of exhibition space, Hangar Bay One contains aircraft such as the Sikorsky VH-3 Sea King, which was transporting Presidents Nixon and Ford during the 1970s; Douglas R4D-5L Skytrain, which became the first landing at the South Pole of Antarctica in 1956; and the Grumman F-14D Tomcat, a supersonic wing fighter who recorded the last combat mission.

Services for visitors include additional tours, a laser giant theater screen with several day movies, two gift shops and Cubi Bar.

Practice flights of the famous Blue Angels Air Demonstration Team can be seen on the museum's airline, just north of the museum itself.

Another historic attraction on the Naval Air Station is the Pensacola Lighthouse.

Because of the strategic importance of the Pensacola port, Congress earmarked $ 6,000 in March 1823 to build a lighthouse, chose a suitable spot in June, but temporarily replaced the floating "Aurora Borealis" alternative until construction was completed. Transferred from the mouth of the Mississippi River was located behind the western end of the island of Santa Rosa.

The fixed structure, a 40-meter-wide, white brick tower with ten whale oil lamps, each reinforced with a 14-inch reflector, was first illuminated on December 20 of the following year and allowed sailboats to navigate towards it and then enter the port.

Though it proved to be more useful than a floating boat to replace, it began to detect its shortcomings by 1850: it was blocked by trees on Santa Rosa and its light was too dim to serve as an effective navigational aid, prompting the newly created Light Board. a replacement that would rise at least 150 feet in height.

In response to his request, Congress allocated $ 25,000 in 1854 and another $ 30,000 two years later. The construction of the new facility, located half a mile west of the original building, was completed in 1858. When it rose 159 feet from a 30-foot base and narrowed to a 15-foot peak, it first turned on New Year and # 39. Day, 1859, Keeper Palmes. It featured the most powerful lens then available, the first-order Fresnel One.

The Pensacola Lighthouse, now listed in the National Register of Historic Places, offers visitors an insight into the life of a light guardian from the mid-19th century. The visitor center and museum shop are located in a carriage house from the 1990s, in the Richard C. Callaway Museum of 1869 breeders' halls and the 177-degree lighthouse itself, which can be climbed overlooking the Pensacola Bay.

Another historically significant attraction at the Pensacola Naval Air Station is Fort Barrancas.

"Situated on cliffs overlooking Pensacola Bay, Fort Barrancas was built to protect the United States from foreign invaders," the National Service Service claims. "Fort Barrancas, once considered vital to national defense, illustrates the evolution of military technology and American value."

Shortly after Spain ceded Florida to the United States, the United States Navy selected Pensacola Bay as its main gulf court on the Gulf Coast and, in parallel with the decision, was sent by officers of the Army Corps of Engineers to explore the coast to build fortifications to protect the Navy.

Built over the ruins of a 1798 Spanish fortress designated Fort San Carlos de Barrancas – "Barrancas" to be the Spanish word for "bluffs" – it was the third such fortification in the bay. Existing, 1797 Batteria de San Antonio was preserved and modified.

Between March 21 and September 21, the hands of enslaved workers who worked from sunrise to sunset included significant armaments, including 10 pounds of cannons.

Although it was built as a defensive structure, it only engaged in combat during the Civil War.

As a result of new developments in cannons and naval warships, the US government began evaluating proposals for new coastal defenses in 1885, and was declared a surplus in 1947 following the closure of the curtain after World War II.

From the Visitors' Center, the trail leads to a true dragon-shaped fortress, featuring a scarf and garden, a moat, a drawbridge, a sally port, a guard room, an open parade area and a water faucet. The tunnel connected the two. The cannon fired from the water battery itself was designed to bounce off the bay and hit ships in their water lines.

The four-footed walls of the fortress, 20 feet high, made up of six million bricks, are made up of arches and valuable ceilings.

The nearby Advanced Redoubt, built between 1845 and 1870, protected the northern side of the peninsula, the location of Pensacola Navy.

Pensacola beach:

The bridge connecting the bridge and dam across the Gulf Breeze to the mainland, Pensacola Beach, eight miles from downtown Pensacola and accessible from Interstate 110 South, is a narrow stretch of sweet sand on the barrier island of Santa Rosa overlooking the Emerald Gulf and Gulf of Mexico offering activities ocean, such as swimming, sunbathing, fishing, snorkeling, sailing and diving. Fiery red, graphic and purple sunsets regularly paint the sky.

Beach hotels are numerous such as Surf & Sand, Margaritaville Beach and Portofino Island Resort, along with familiar names such as Hampton Inn, Hilton, Holiday Inn, SpringHill Suites and Days Inn. Florida's fishing restaurants with indoor and outdoor views overlooking the water include restaurants like Hemingway's Island Grill, Flounder's Chowder House, Grand Marlin, Shaggy Beach and Peg Leg Pete.

Stretching 1,471 feet into the water, Pensacola Gulf Pier allows fishing for bluefin tuna, pompano, redfish, Spanish mackerel and spotted trout. Plaice cannot be excluded.

The self-guided Footprints on the Sand Eco Tour, labeled with informative signs, provide an opportunity to learn about the local life of plants and animals, including dolphins, sharks, turtles, birds, fish and flowers. Each explains a different ecological theme.

The Pensacola Beach is part of the Gulf Islands National Coast, which spans 160 miles from Fort Walton, Florida to Cat Island in Mississippi, and includes barrier islands, sea forests, bays, marine habitats and historic fortresses. The park's headquarters, featuring landmark films and exhibits about Living Sea Oaks, is located in Breeze Bay on the island between the mainland and Pensacola Beach.

The Gulf-Shaped National Coast holds pockets of American history and culture and encapsulates visitors on flora and fauna in Florida. For example, in a water and sky cavity, the surface of dolphins, starfish and pelicans and seagulls allows the wind to transport them across the panorama.

One of the historic conservation areas on the Gulf Coast is Fort Pickens, located at the western end of Santa Rosa Island directly across the entrance to Pensacola Bay from Fort Barrancas. Named after Brigadier General Andrew Pickens, a patriot who fought with honors in South Carolina during the Revolutionary War, he was one of the largest brick buildings in the Gulf of Mexico.

Tracing its origins to 1821, when a third system of coastal forts was expanded to include the protection of Pensacola Bay and its mainland coastal community, it received a secondary purpose four years later when the legislature to establish a navy shipyard and warehouse was approved. Within the three defenses, it was intended to guard the western end of Santa Rosa Island in cooperation with the cliff fortifications north of the canal and at the eastern end of Perdido Key.

Its construction, under the supervision of the US Army Corps of Engineers, began in 1829 after the government acquired 998 acres of land and the pentagon structure, built of more than 21.5 million bricks and equipped with more than 200 cannons, was completed five years later .

'(Workers) used building materials, such as lime, water and sand, to mix mortar; sawn timber for grilling and building piers, scaffolding and support buildings; lead sheets for waterproof arches casemates and for gutters and drains; granite for stairs and girder stones; copper sheets, rods and preparations for use in powder magazines; (a) bricks for main work and countersinks, "according to the National Park Service.

During the war, the crew required 500 men, but in an emergency was able to accommodate twice that number. The structure of the five bastions, consisting of a single casemate layer and a bar layer, was able to release the ring of fire from its direction toward the sea wall.

The only battle he has ever experienced during the event happened during the Civil War.

Today, visitors still enter Fort Pickens through their original sally post, the main entrance secured by a heavy oak door. Gypsum rooms served as residential and hospital rooms. The arched casemates provided sheltered artillery positions and a base for tier two guns. The three main chambers, each containing 1,000 pounds of gunpowder, were connected through a tunnel system. The powder dispensers, which stored a black supply of strength, were lined with wood to keep them dry, and required the boots of the soldiers who entered them to prevent possible sparks. The generator room was the place of the steam generators installed in 1903 to provide electricity for headlights and other modern equipment.

Countercarp formed a dry mountain to protect the fort from ground attacks. Rainwater was collected and stored in drinking tanks. And the tower bastion, headed straight across the canal, provided port protection.


Regional flight airlines Long Island MacArthur Airport



The story of a 50-seat regional jet, produced by Canadair and Embraer – and to a lesser extent preceded by the Fokker F.28 Fellowker and the British Aerospace BAe-146 – was in many ways Long Island MacArthur & # 39; story, because this type finally facilitated the service of the main charges in accordance with the carrier. It represents greater airline reach to smaller and secondary airports and offers the same speed, block times and comfort as traditionally larger main jets, reducing the gap between them and 19-50 passenger turboprops that were too small and too slow for many of of these sectors.

The need was largely due to the deregulation of airlines, which in the US brought the rise of the hub-and-spoke system. Traveling and bringing passengers to larger capacity aircraft, such as the US, Continental, Delta and United, from longer but thin segments operated by regional airlines that carried large companies. the two-digit code and the livery, originally independent commuters, quickly spread, primarily due to this new type of nozzle. It was the right aircraft at the right time and led to what was called the "regional jet revolution".

Not only were regional jets the most cost-effective way to connect hundreds, if not thousands, of communities with hubs and global airlines, "according to Bombardier Aerospace (which was subsequently acquired by Canadair)", these innovative aircraft reinforced passenger travel experience and provided regional airlines increased traffic, revenue and market share. To further increase traffic, the idea of ​​using the Canadair Regional Jet to fly between years has spoken. the city was elevated. Each new spoken city has increased the number of connecting passengers flying to the main partner of the regional airline. These additional routes provided passengers in small communities with more flight options. "

This was certainly at Islip's MacArthur Airport on Long Island.

"There are literally hundreds of markets that could not support regular air service, but 30, 50 and 70 seats can now bring comfort and economic service," commented Doug Blissit, once Delta Air Lines & # 39; vice president of network analysis. "Regional jets are a phenomenal economic transformation of industry. The vast majority of deployments were to extend the reach of hubs to more economical aircraft."

In addition to the cooperative nature of this type, it also had a competitive side. It could be considered as an instrument that attacked major fixed-hub airlines that allow smaller carriers, who started out as traditional commuter turboprops, to break into cracks in large companies. armor, forging new point-to-point routes that did not require charge for corresponding load factors.

Early regional flight operations:

Perhaps the earliest regional stream in the Western world, which excludes the Russian three-engine, 27-passenger Yakovlev Yak-40 from the discussion, was the Fokker F.28.

The popularity of its high-wing, twin-turboprop, 40-passenger F.27 friendship, as a compass needle pointing in the direction of a pure jet complement that would offer higher speeds and thus reduced block times, led to the development of the F.28 itself.

It was announced in April 1962 and was intended for short field operations, but offered a higher number of seats for 65 in the fuselage wide enough for five-stage arrangements. It appeared similar to major jets such as the British Aircraft Corporation BAC-111 and McDonnell-Douglas DC-9, and on its leading edge featured a low mounted, folded swept wing, two rear mounted Rolls Royce RB.183 Spey Junior turbofans, dorsal fin. and tail, yet retain simplicity by removing any high-end devices. A unique design was the hydraulically operated petal air brake, which formed the rear end of the fuselage. Expandable to varying degrees, facilitating steep but slow and controlled glide profiles.

In addition to the financial support provided by the Dutch Government, the risk-sharing scheme came from the Short Brothers of Belfast in Northern Ireland; HFB and VFW of Germany; and AiResearch, Dowty Rotol and Goodyear.

Three prototypes respectively first flew on May 9, August 3, October 20, 1967, and the first production version, the F.28-1000, was delivered to launch the German customer LTU on February 24, two years later. As was the case with F.27, sales could be counted as a one-digit number, as F.28 was usually the largest type of small-scale airline fleet.

The stretched version, the F.28-4000, had a total length of 97.2 feet and an almost 12 feet greater wingspan of 82.3 feet. Powered by two Rolls Royce Spey 555-15H turbochargers with 9,950 thrusts, it had a maximum take-off weight of 73,000 pounds, a cruising speed of 530 km / h at 21,000 feet, and a maximum payload to fuel ratio ranging from 1,162 to 2,560 miles. It accommodated 79 five passengers, passengers in one class, six others, 85 in total, could be carried to a 29-inch pitch with the installation of another exit exit on both sides.

The type was reflected in Operation Islip in Piedmont.

Piedmont itself began its scheduled air service on February 20, 1948 with Flight 41. Departure from Wilmington, North Carolina at 0700, its DC-3 made a multi-way trip to Pinehurst, Charlotte, Ashville, Tri-Cities, Lexington and Cincinnati. The metal and human backbone consisted of two other aircraft of this type and 250 employees.

With the gradual expansion, particularly with the extension of the route to Atlanta, it initially fed Delta and Eastern flights, grew significantly until it became an independent US major. Perhaps the symbol of his prestige was both the literal and the image of a large airline in New York in 1966.

Profits grew: $ 1 million in 1965 and almost double two years later. He built his first hub in Charlotte, North Carolina and radiated his reach to major cities such as Boston, Pittsburgh, Tampa, Miami and Dallas / Ft. Worth and Denver, exceeding passenger numbers, Eastern Airlines & # 39; traditional Charlotte fortress.

Running 727–100, 727–2007, and 737–200s – the second short to medium-term working horse – advertised in its system schedule on October 31, 1982: “We make it easier to approach more than 80 cities.”

The cartridges were subsequently set up in Baltimore and Dayton, and a wide range of 767-200ER eventually arrived on the west coast and Europe.

In 1987, Piedmont 177 operated a strong fleet to approximately 235 destinations, carrying 23 million passengers, and became mature to acquire $ 1.6 billion in USAir.

Capacity, in particular 65 F.28-1000 passengers, secured the frequency at MacArthur Airport on Long Island.

Of the five daily departures dispatched to downtown Baltimore, morning and evening flights were made with 128 passengers 737-300; in the middle of the morning and afternoon they flew with Henson, 37 passengers DHC-8-100 with Hiemon, Piedmont Regional Airline; and the noon sector was made with the F.28-1000, allowing him to "size" his equipment according to time of day, capacity and demand.

When Piedmont in 1986 acquired Empire Airlines based on New York City and Concentrated Airlines in New York, along with Syracuse Center and 85 F.28-4000 passengers, he deployed this type from Islip to feed his highly developed Charlotte Center.

Another early regional aircraft was the British aviation BAe-146.

The final design response to the need for a feeder or regional aircraft has undergone numerous iterations, including high-wing, twin-engine DH.123 turbochargers designed by de Havilland and the stern-wing lower wing until it arrived at the HS.146 Hawker Siddeley with Avco Lycoming ALF-502 high bypass turbofans. . Since they did not develop the required thrust for the assumed aircraft, only the use of four pylons attached to the underside of the upper wing could provide the necessary power and reach.

Although the official launch in 1973 seemed promising, the ensuing world recession, rising oil prices and rising development costs caused it to timed badly, which led to its end in October 1974. Nevertheless, developments in low-key terms continued.

After de Havilland and Hawker Siddeley merged into the nationalized British Aerospace and carried out their own design and market review, the government granted full support to the development of the program on 10 July 1978.

The final meeting was held in Hatfield.

Sports like the Fellowship F.28, the t-tail and rear petal, the air brake forming the fuselage for a steep approach, deviated by having a high wing, also without leading edge, and four turbofans. While his cabin was wide enough for six-seated seating, most carriers chose five.

The first flight BAe-146-100 from Hatfield occurred on 3 September 1981. Two successive versions followed, the BAe-146-200 and -300.

The former, which first took air on August 1, 1982, featured a 93.10-foot length and 86-foot span with a 15-degree sweepback and tabbed, trailing edges of the Fowler flap. At a height of six to 29 inches it was possible to accommodate up to 112 passengers in one class. Its maximum gross weight was 93,000 pounds and the range, at full payload, was 1,130 nautical miles.

The BAe-146 was inaugurated at Air Wisconsin on June 27, 1983.

Presidential Airways, founded by Harold J. Pareti in 1985 and based in Washington, was the only operator of this type to Islip and, in addition to its 737-200s, maintained a fleet of eight BAe-146-200s. Joining Long Island with its Dulles International hub, it later acted as the Continental Express and United Express carrier sharing code, respectively, feeding each of its major flights in Washington.

Later regional flight operations:

The first regional aircraft of the new generation was created as CRJ Canadair (later Bombardier).

In addition to developing completely new designs, aircraft manufacturers of potential low capacity clean jets had two options: to reduce an existing major aircraft, such as the DC-9-10, which would add too much structural weight to its market or increase the aircraft. Those in the second category were commercial jets, though their narrow hulls gave them less than ideal for such a commercial application. Given the wide cab of its own CL-600 Challenger, which first flew in 1978, Canadair could choose the second option.

Originally supposed to include a single section with a capacity of 24 four-way passengers and labeled CL-600E, it was first published in 1980, but its plans to continue the version were canceled the following year. In 1987, or one year after Bairardier acquired Canadair, the concept of small regional jets was reconsidered, leading to its launch in 1989.

A more ambitious version than initially considered was the 19.5-foot stretch, achieved through the forward and rear fuselage plugs, additional emergency exits with overload, a reinforced wing with increased fuel capacity and two stern General Electric CF34 turbofans in which it seemed to have taken it for the first time. heaven as a prototype on May 10, 1991. After a three-year flight test program, he received FAA certification on October 29 of the following year, and then entered service with Lufthansa CityLine launch customer to use point-to-point and hub-feed services to Western European destinations. Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg and Munich.

The original version of the CRJ-100, excluding what a pilot called a "sexy look", had a pointed nose, 87.10 feet, 69.7 feet, a wing attached to a wing of 520.4 square feet and only the back edge of the flap, two pull switches 93420 CF34-3A1 with dampers and turbofans and tail. Fifty-four passengers could be accommodated in the slender seats in the cabin with the falling overhead storage, the kitchen and the toilet.

The payload was £ 13,500, a gross weight of £ 53,000, and reached 1,650 nautical miles.

The following CRJ-200, powered by CF34-3B1, offered greater range, lower fuel consumption and higher cruising speed and altitude.

Sales of both types totaled 1,054.

Headquartered at Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky International Airport, Comair was the first modern regional aircraft operator on the long MacArthur Island.

Started as an airline in 1977, initially landed in Akron / Canton, Cleveland and Evansville with eight passengers, Piper Navajos reciprocating, followed by the 18-passenger turboprop Embraer EMB-110 Bandeirantes.

Adopted as a Delta Connection carrier and operating in its rental business after the Cincinnati Center was established in 1984, it significantly expanded and soon acquired the Fairchild Swearingen Metro, Shorts 330, Embraer, EMB-120 Brasilia and Saab 340 facilities. Orlando became the second center.

As an American customer to Canadair Regional Jet operated until 2005, 163 type, of which 63 CRJ-100ER, 37 CRJ-100LR, 37 CRJ-200ER and 27 CRJ-700LR.

Delta acquired 20 percent of Comair's shares in 1996 and the rest three years later.

This type was instrumental in the Islip opening ceremony and provided three daily morning, afternoon and evening sightseeing flights to Cincinnati so passengers could join their own Delta flights and partner flights. This link opened the rest of the country and part of Canada's Long Island.

MacArthur's Canadair Regional Jet, also a Delta Connection carrier, was ASA Atlantic Southeast Airlines.

Launch of Independent Regular Service from Atlanta to Columbus, Georgia with de Havilland, Canada DHC-6 Twin Other, aircraft on June 27, 1979, proceeded with another turboprop propulsion, the EMB-110, and then acquired a pure jet BAe-146-200 and Types CRJ -200, who after feeding their bilateral marketing agreement with him fed Atlanta hub in Delta. As happened with Comair, ASA was added by increasing share purchases until Delta fully owned it.

Cincinnati, which reached in 2002, was the 100th target and in 2003 it took delivery of the 100th regional aircraft. Until 2011, it operated 112 CRJ-200ERs, 46 CRJ-700ERs and 10 CRJ-900ERs.

Since 1 August 1999, Islip has been connected to its own and extensive Atlanta Delta hub with three daily CRJ-200 orbital flights operated by ASA since 1 August 1999. Comair later also served this route.

Another Canadair Regional Jet operator to Islip was Air Wisconsin, which was designated US Airways Express and reestablished the connection lost as a result of the Washington Reagan National slot cutoff when its incoming aircraft, which arrived on March 25, 2012 at 1250, was fitted with a water curtain. on the MacArthur ramp.

Departure in 1328 became the first of two daily return flights CRJ-200. Although the legislators strongly supported it, it was short-lived.

The counterpart of the Canadair Regional Jet – if not a competitor – was the Embraer ERJ-145.

Using its energy from previously unavailable engines that allowed it to operate in primarily unused markets, it sought to outweigh its higher fuel consumption compared to traditional turboprop engines by increasing the daily use of its shorter block holiday times associated with greater passenger acceptance.

Unlike the Canadair CL-600 Challenger business jet, it used the EMB-120 Brasilia as its inspirational base, featuring two fuselage plugs and a redesigned wing, with an extended leading edge chord, mild sweepback, and winglets, but replacing its turboprop engines with pure jet motors encapsulated in capsules. The tail was retained. It was originally designated as Amazon EMB-145.

In early 1990, the Allison GMA-3007 turbofan was selected, producing a 7,100 pound thrust with a potential of up to 10,000 pounds.

Iterations that meant lengths, more span, more fuel capacity, more weights and better performance led to the final ERJ-145, which first flown on August 1, 1995. Accommodating 50 passengers in one class, three in the first round with a partial step – down the aisle at the very front of the cabin, it had a payload of 12,755 pounds and a gross weight of 48,501 pounds. It was first delivered to introduce a customer of ExpressJet Airlines, operating as Continental Express, the following year, providing capacity, speed and range to match demand on longer, thin routes both feeding its own flights and that of Continental.

"Continental Airlines, with its hub at Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, is the largest airline in Northeast Ohio, with more than 250 daily departures to nearly 80 cities," says United Airlines & # 39; 29.03.2004 Corporate News. “With one of the youngest fleets in the United States, Continental and Continental Express offer convenient high-frequency service from Cleveland Hopkins to major business centers, including Boston, New York (Newark Liberty, La Guardia, Kennedy, White Plains, and Islip), Washington (Reagan National, Baltimore-Washington, and Dulles), Chicago (Hare and Midway), Houston, and Atlanta.

Like other regional airlines, ExpressJet was associated with the outcome of several turboprop carriers – including Bar Harbor Airlines from Bangor, Maine; PBA Provincetown-Boston Airlines of Hyannis, Massachusetts; Rocky Mountain Airways in Denver, Colorado; and Brit Airways of Terre Haute, Indiana, all flying the operating certificate.

It launched the ERJ-145 regional air service on 4 September 1998 and eventually became the largest operator of all three versions, including the smaller, 37-passenger ERJ-135 and 44-passenger ERJ-140.

His three day morning, afternoon, and evening Islip-Cleveland frequencies, bearing the "CO" flight numbers, linked Long Island to the rest of the country.

Another regional air carrier MacArthur Embraer was the American Eagle.

Like Continental Express, the American Eagle concept, which was unveiled at the end of 1984, was the result of American Airlines & # 39; the inability to serve economically the secondary and tertiary main jet markets. It grew rapidly, powered its charges, and advanced from a turboprop to a purely jet device. The first officially designated American Eagle flight from Fayetteville, Arkansas to Dallas took place on November 1 when one of his 14 Convair 580s Metroflight, powered by two Allison 501-D13H turbochargers, powered by two 3,750 shp, landed on American & # 39; southwestern hub. The aircraft converted from CV-240s, -340s and -440s with piston drive was eventually replaced by the Saab 340s.

The second to join the fold, also that year, was Poughkeepsie, New York, based Command Airways, which ran the Beech 99s, DHC-6 Twin Otters, Shorts 330s, Shorts 360s and ATR-42s.

Third Simmons deployed Japanese NAMC YS-11s, 360s shorts, ATR-42s and ATR-72s from Chicago-O & # 39; Hare and Wings West, fourth, posted C99, Fairchild Swearingen Metros, Jetstream 31s and Saab 340s to West Coast destinations.

Finally, powerful Puerto Rico-based airlines jumped into the pool on September 15, 1986 and operated CASA C-212-200 Aviocars, Shorts 360s and ATR-72s.

From Islip he ran the noon ERJ-145 to Chicago-O & # 39; Hare, complementing the American morning and evening MD-80, and replaced his four-day, 34-passenger Saab 340s (which once flew in Business Express Colors before AMR, Inc., acquired and folded to the American brand Eagle) with the same number of frequencies ERJ-135 with 37 passengers.

Another US operator Long Island MacArthur American Eagle ERJ-145 was Piedmont, who traces its origin Henson Airlines.

Founded in 1961 by Richard A. Henson, the aviation pioneer and test pilot of Fairchild Aircraft, planted sedentary roots as a fixed base operator in Hagerstown, Maryland, labeled "Henson Aviation," yet launched its own scheduled service from here to Washington, DC 1962 under the name "Hagerstown Commuter".

Five years later, she entered into a code-sharing agreement with Allegheny Airlines and replaced the carrier's own service in Salisbury, Maryland. In 1977, it expanded to Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington, boarding its millionth passenger and winning its first four-engine. 54-passenger de Havilland in Canada DHC-7 two years later.

Purchased by Piedmont Airlines in 1983, it was rebranded as "Henson, a regional airline in Piedmont".

The following year it took delivery of the first 37 DHC-8-100 passengers and served 38 destinations in ten states and the Bahamas by the end of 1987.

After merging with USAir in 1989, Henson served as the USAir Express and later US Airways Express, but four years later it was renamed "Piedmont Airlines" to retain its original identity. American Airlines, which bought US Airways in 2013 and rebranded it American Eagle, maintained this philosophy.

Today Piedmont / American Eagle operates three daily frequencies of ERJ-145 and leaves for Islip at 0710, 1035 and 1858 to Philadelphia, one of the USAir / US Airways & # 39; former hubs. Return flights arrive on Long Island land in 1007, 1833 and 2221.

ASA Atlantic Southeast Airlines and Comair operated a larger CRJ-700 to Islip.

The result of Bombardier's first attempt to offer a higher capacity version to compete more effectively with the Fokker F.70 and the Avro International RJ70, both 70 seats, officially launched the program in January 1997. Based on the original CRJ -200, it introduced a slightly wider hull with 106, 8-foot overall length; a larger wing with a span of 76.3 feet and 760 square feet; the front edges of the slats for increased low-speed stroke and reduced take-off; Turbochargers CF34-8C5B1 with thrust 13,790; lower deck for greater ground clearance; elevated passenger windows; capacity of one class 78; and a maximum payload of 18,000 and 75,000 pounds.

The first flight on 27 May 1999 entered service with Brit Air two years later, maintaining the same type rating as its smaller capacity predecessors.

Its extended range CRJ-700ER had the capability of 1,504 nautical miles and cruising speed of 448 knots / 515 mph / Mach 0.78.

Regional streams over time:

Due to demand, the need to adjust capacity, scheduling and in some cases to replace one type of aircraft with another, any attempt to discuss Long Jet MacArthur's regional jet operations can be done as snapshots.

For example, during the second part of 1988, which may be considered as its initial regional jet period, Presidential Airways operated its BAe-146-200s to Washington-Dulles, while Piedmont kept the frequency "on board" to maintain the frequency and entered 65 – midday noon F.28-1000 between morning and evening 737-300 s and morning Henson DHC-8-100 s.

In 1998, considered the dawn of the new generation of regional aircraft, he saw Long Island connected to the Delta Atlanta and Cincinnati hubs and the 50-seat Continental Cleveland CRJ-100, CRJ-200, and ERJ-145s operated by Comair, ASA and ExpressJet.

Daily departures included three Comair / Delta Connection CRJ-100s to Cincinnati, two American Eagle ERJ-145s to Chicago, two and later three ExpressJet / Continental Express ERJ-145s to Cleveland, and three ASA / Delta Connection CRJ-200s to Atlanta.

During the first month of regional air traffic, the airline carried a total of 6,980 passengers, making it the third largest airport tenant in terms of catering.

In December 1999, eight out of 37 daily flights were made with a clean jet, ie 19 percent, with a new breed of Canadair and Embraer regional aircraft. By March 2000, the monthly regional aircraft had a total of 16,210, ie 6,107 carried by ASA, 6,831 by Comair and 3,212 carried by ExpressJet.

In August 2002, American Eagle replaced its four Saab 340 flights to Boston with an ERJ-135, providing an American Airlines hub, and in the fall, ASA and Comair upgraded two or three of their Atlanta and Cincinnati frequencies to a larger capacity CRJ-700.

Last inauguration for regional jet services:

The latest carrier to enter the Long Island market with a regional aircraft was Elite Airways.

Founded as reflecting its name to offer a quality travel experience in 2016, the company entered the arena as an American Part 121 airline, carrying sports teams and leadership on scheduled and charter services on Northeast Florida routes with one CRJ -100, five CRJ-200 and five CRJ-700.

Limited service CRJ-700 twice a week from Islip to Portland, Maine; Myrtle Beach, South Carolina; and Melbourne, Florida, were inaugurated on June 17, 2016. However, lower-than-expected factors led to a double suspension between January 15 and February 16, 2017 and April and July of the same year to reconsider their strategy.

While the second suspension changed to an unexpected 16-month period, it finally reappeared on September 6, 2018, this time heading Thursday and Sunday for the CRJ-200 to Melbourne. Designated flight 7Q 21 departed at 8:00 and arrived in the state of sunshine in 1045. After a 45-minute turnaround, he broke up again at 1130 for Bimini in the Bahamas and became the first Islip connection.

"The route is designed to allow Islip passengers to book a flight to Melbourne only or to remain on board a Bimini liaison service," says Rebecca Emery, Elite Airways CEO of Public Relations. "It's the closest Bahamian island to the US with miles of beaches, four-star hotels and Resorts World Bimini Casino and Marina."

The return flight, 7Q 23, departed Bimini in 1330, but required US customs and border patrols. Landing in Melbourne an hour later, it followed operated as 7Q 24, take off in 1600 and touch down at MacArthur in 2045.

The low-load factors again caused its interruption, so the Piedmont / American Eagle ERJ-145s remained in Philadelphia as Islip's remaining regional jet operations at the dawn of 2020.


Prospects for a New Business: Selling at the Best Price


In the profession of the seller, there may be nothing more useful and satisfactory than to take the customer away from the competition. And besides, as a new customer picks you up, you don't feel in your wallet either.

So if searching can be so much fun, why don't marketers do more today? Why are so many even veterans so stuck in an existing dormitory of customers?

I believe the answer is partly because trying to professionally find a new business is damn difficult and time consuming, and partly because too many sellers are satisfied with their current level of income.

But I believe there is one more reason: Sales managers do not require their sales force to look. I believe that a certain amount of research should be a precondition for employment for every sales force.


1. Market Intelligence: There is no better way to find out the confidential details of competitors 'service levels than to reach your competitors' customers.

So ask one or two key questions at each prospect to see how your company is competing. Over the years, I have learned a lot about the art of asking good questions by Art Sobczak, author of the popular monthly newsletter, Phone Selling Report (800-326-7721). Sobczak describes the Basics of Question Types:


They get feelings, ideas and emotions – not one- or two-word answers. Frequently, the questions "how", "what", "why" start.

For example, "How do you plan to ship?"

Or, "What if …?"


These produce one- or two-word answers. Their best use is to obtain specific information. Not recommended for frequent use because they are conversation killers.

"What is the size of one of your typical orders?"

Questions for adding / layering

Responding to what the prospect said, with other questions aimed at getting them to continue speaking. For example:


"What happened next?"

Parrot questions

As a question, he repeated what he had just said.

"Do you have a problem with timely deliveries? What exactly do you mean?"

Lessons learned

You don't ask for information, you tell them to give it to you.

"Tell me more,"

"Give me some idea …"

"Please tell me …"

"Please explain …"

When you use these questions, make sure you know where to go when you get the answers.

Building professional relationships. I don't know of any better way to establish a professional relationship with prospects that you don't currently sell than to call them. One of the key keys to making a successful call to potential customers is to bring your potential customers information that helps them be more successful.

Example: “I attended the conference last weekend and heard the expert represent the economic forecast for this market. One of the most trusted statements he made was … ”

If the prospect shows interest, please end the visit by asking, "Do you want me to make a copy of his leaflet?"

Avoid saying something like, "I'll tell you what I do, make a copy of his flyer, and get it."

If you put your offer in the form of a question and answer to prospects, yes, you are essentially in a position to do it a favor.

Discover opportunities. Keep your eyes and ears open during sightseeing calls. You never know when you will find an opportunity to deliver a special need that a current lead supplier cannot meet.

At one of my seminars he recently told me, the dealer told me that when he turned to the prospect, he asked him, “Do you have special order department guys? Damn hard to find a reliable supplier. ”

New Business: Perhaps the best reason to insist that your sales people realize the prospects is to ensure that your company has control over their fate. When one or more existing customers slow down, suspend their credit, or stop working, it's really nice that we've already built a strong relationship with the prospect of moving your sales forward.

Try this: Sit down with your sales force to determine a few creditworthy prospects and assign them to your dealers and agree on a game plan. Then follow up with them every month to see each seller's progress. This process will make you a better sales manager and your sales people will improve.

For more information on Bill Lee's Gross Margin and his latest book, 30 Ways Managers Shoot in the Leg, visit http://www.BillLeeOnLine.com. Or call 800-808-0534 via voice mail.


Top 5 beaches to choose for your kids this summer


Planning a fun filled beach party for kids is the best choice you have in the years. In addition to having fun playing various games and activities at home, children are most attracted to discovering and discovering the most amazing features of nature they see on the beach.

Early in the morning, it is the most beautiful day for your children, while allowing you to revitalize and revive the beach. Packing the necessary things does not take much time, it is just a collection of several things, good food and lots of beach games for your children. Let's take a look at some of the best beaches you could plan for this summer.

Hanalei Bay beach, Hawaii

Hanalei Bay Beach in Hawaii has several beautiful sights. Thanks to the colorful atmosphere and the weather, the day is perfect when you arrive there by offering you quieter surfing compared to other beaches in Hawaii, which is ultimately one of the best places teenagers can get.

The beach is not just full of sand, but the dock offers some of the best parts of the water that young surfers seek, while providing a great feeling of protected sea coast surrounded by beautiful greenery. In addition to being surrounded by the beauty of nature, the beach offers countless places that are incredibly great for taking pictures and gathering lots of child memories for your kids. According to locals, every Tuesday on the beach is also a hot place for farmers & # 39; in the market, so don't miss the cool drink of the famous lemonade outdoors.

Coronado Central Beach, California

While providing visitors with incredible weather all year round, Coronado Central Beach is becoming one of the best places to take your preschool children with you, especially in sloping landscapes, allowing children to catch the best fun and excitement while playing their favorite beach volleyball game , Frisbee, Boogie Boarding and Sand Hole games.

Along with the stunning look and beauty of the blessed beauties inside, Hotel Del Coronado nearby offers you people seeking a pleasant retreat as the sun warms the coast. In addition, you may not find lemonade, but MooTime Creamery offers the coolest ice cream that your kids won't last.

Kiawah Beachwalker Park, South Carolina

Kiawah Beachwalker Park, the best place for toddlers, preschool and school children, offers a quiet beach with calm water that provides the next best view of the beauty of nature. The bright sun and colorful evening really make children more exciting to notice the transition in the weather and gather the worst memories of their childhood.

The sand is really soft and clean, where your younger kids would like to build their creative sand castles and easily play games like bucket filling, because you really don't have to worry about strong waves as an obstacle to a cliff that keeps the coast safer for them.

Luquillo beach, Puerto Rico

Luquillo Beach is one of the best tropical paradises you could ever visit. With stunning beauty blessed by nature, the seashore brings you a place where children try to explore a number of things outside.

Running and shouting on soft sand and shallow water, school age and teens are more excited about visiting Luquillo Beach in the summer. Along with the clear and crystal clear water on the beach, be sure to have a few scoops of coconut and pineapple ice cream Helado Man.

Sleeping Bear Dunes in National Lakeshore, Michigan

The coast has a handful of sand dunes and vibrant water. It is quite calm and peaceful, but what attracts most children to this beach is that they love climbing the beautiful sand dunes, rolling down and playing other games on the beach. which is really fun activity that most kids like to do there.

Don't forget to break with your children while allowing them to climb and swim in the cool waters of Lakeshore, which ends the day, and do not miss a beautiful evening.